Road Traffic Act 1974

Road Traffic Code 2000

Reprint 3: The Code as at 7 January 2011

 


Guide for using this reprint

                 What the reprint includes

                 Endnotes, Compilation table, and Table of provisions that have not come into operation

            1.  Details about the original Code and legislation that has amended its text are shown in the Compilation table in endnote 1, at the back of the reprint. The table also shows any previous reprint.

            2.  Transitional, savings, modifying or other provisions identified in the Compilation table may be important. The table may refer to another endnote setting out the text of these provisions in full.

            3.  A table of provisions that have not come into operation, to be found in endnote 1a if it is needed, lists any provisions of the Code being reprinted that have not come into operation and any amendments that have not come into operation. The full text is set out in another endnote that is referred to in the table.

                 Notes amongst text (italicised and within square brackets)

            1.  If the reprint includes a regulation that was inserted, or has been amended, since the Code being reprinted was made, editorial notes at the foot of the regulation give some history of how the regulation came to be as it is. If the regulation replaced an earlier regulation, no history of the earlier regulation is given (the full history of the Code is in the Compilation table).

                 Notes of this kind may also be at the foot of Schedules or headings.

            2.  The other kind of editorial note shows something has been —

removed (because it was repealed or deleted from the law); or

omitted under the Reprints Act 1984 s. 7(4) (because, although still technically part of the text, it no longer has any effect).

The text of anything removed or omitted can be found in an earlier reprint (if there is one) or one of the written laws identified in the Compilation table.

                 Reprint numbering and date

            1.  The reprint number (in the footer of each page of the document) shows how many times the Code has been reprinted. For example, numbering a reprint as “Reprint 3” would mean that the reprint was the 3rd reprint since the Code was published. Reprint numbering was implemented as from 1 January 2003.

            2.  The information in the reprint is current on the date shown as the date as at which the Code is reprinted. That date is not the date when the reprint was published by the State Law Publisher and it is probably not the date when the most recent amendment had effect.

 

 

 

 

Reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as

at 7 January 2011

Road Traffic Code 2000

CONTENTS

Part 1 — Preliminary

1.           Citation                                                                            1

2.           Commencement                                                               1

3.           Terms used                                                                      1

Part 2 — Application

4.           Scope of regulations                                                        36

4A.        Minister may declare Code requirements do not apply       36

5.           Infringement notices not to be issued to children under 14  36

6.           Members of the Police Force                                          36

7.           Requirement to give way, effect of                                  37

8A.        Requirement to stop as near as practicable to place, effect of 37

8.           Offence against local laws not offence against this Code   38

9.           Penalties                                                                        38

10.         Repeal                                                                           39

Part 3 — Speed restrictions

11.         Speed limits generally                                                      40

12.         Minimum speeds on freeways                                         42

13.         Heavy vehicles and vehicles towing trailers                      43

14.         Heavy vehicle speed zones                                              43

16.         Speed restriction on bridge                                              43

17.         Penalties for speeding                                                     44

18.         Reckless driving generally                                               45

Part 4 — Making turns

Division 1 — Left turns at intersections

19.         Application of Division                                                    46

20.         Left turns (single lanes)                                                   46

21.         Left turns (multiple lanes)                                                47

22.         Making left turn as indicated by turn line                          49

Division 2 — Right turns (other than hook turns) at intersections

23.         Application of Division                                                    51

24.         Right turns (two‑way, single lanes)                                  51

25.         Right turns (one‑way, single lanes)                                   52

26.         Right turns from multi‑lane carriageway                           53

27.         Making a right turn (generally)                                         55

Division 3 — Hook turns by bicycles at intersections

28.         Optional hook turn by bicycle rider                                   57

29.         Bicycle rider making hook turn contrary to sign                 60

Division 4 — U turns

30.         U turns on carriageway                                                   60

31.         U turns at intersection                                                     61

32.         U turns generally                                                            62

Division 5 — Turns from a carriageway to land abutting the carriageway

33.         Turns to enter abutting land                                             63

Part 5 — Turning and stop signals

34.         Terms used                                                                    65

35.         When drivers are to give signals                                      66

36.         How drivers are to give signals                                        66

37.         How long should hand signals be given                             68

38.         Use of signalling devices                                                 69

Part 6 — Traffic‑control signals (traffic lights and twin alternating red lights)

Division 1 — Obeying traffic‑control signals (traffic lights)

39.         Effect of circular green signal or green arrow                   70

40.         Stopping for circular red signal or red arrow                     70

41A.      Motor vehicles not to enter bicycle storage area               73

41.         Stopping for circular yellow signal or yellow arrow            73

42.         Green arrow with red or yellow signal, effect of               74

43.         Turning left on red signal                                                 74

44.         What to do if signals change when intersection congested etc.                  75

Division 2 — Giving way at traffic‑control signals (traffic lights)

45.         Right of way during turns at intersection with traffic‑control signals          76

46.         Giving way at intersection with traffic‑control signals not operating or only partly operating78

47.         Giving way at flashing yellow traffic arrow at intersection 79

48.         Giving way at crossing (other than at intersection) with flashing yellow traffic‑control signal80

Division 3 — Twin alternating red lights

49.         Stopping for twin alternating red lights (except at level crossings)              80

Part 7 — Giving way

Division 1 — Places with a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver

50.         Stopping and giving way at stop sign or stop line at intersection without traffic‑control signals82

51.         Stopping and giving way at stop sign or stop line at other places                84

52.         Giving way at give way sign or give way line at intersection85

53.         Giving way at give way sign at bridge or length of narrow carriageway     87

54.         Giving way at give way sign or give way line at other places87

Division 2 — Giving way at an intersection without traffic‑control signals or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver

55.         Giving way at intersection (except T‑intersection or roundabout)               88

56.         Giving way at T‑intersection                                            93

Division 3 — Entering or leaving land abutting a carriageway or road

57.         Giving way when entering carriageway from land abutting carriageway or road            97

58.         Giving way when entering land abutting carriageway or road from carriageway            98

Division 4 — Keeping clear of and giving way to particular vehicles

59.         Giving way to public buses                                             100

60.         Keeping clear of police and emergency vehicles             101

Division 5 — Crossings and shared zones

61.         Children’s crossings                                                      101

62.         Pedestrian crossings                                                      102

63.         Overtaking or passing vehicle at children’s crossing or pedestrian crossing 104

64.         Giving way to pedestrians in shared zone                        105

Division 6 — Other give way requirements

65.         Giving way when driving through break in median strip    105

66.         Giving way on painted island                                          106

67.         Giving way in median turning bay                                   108

68.         Giving way when moving from boundary of carriageway, or parking area on or in median strip108

Part 8 — Traffic signs and road markings

Division 1 — Traffic signs and road markings at intersections and other places

69.         Left turn only signs                                                       110

70.         Right turn only signs                                                      110

71.         No turns signs                                                               111

72.         No left turn and no right turn signs                                 112

73.         Traffic lane arrows                                                       113

Division 2 — Traffic signs and road markings generally

74.         No overtaking or passing signs                                       115

75.         No overtaking on bridge sign                                          116

76.         Emergency stopping lane only signs                                116

77.         Keep clear markings                                                     116

78.         Road access signs                                                         117

79.         Further restrictions on freeways                                     118

80.         One‑way signs                                                              119

81.         Keep left and keep right signs                                        120

82.         No entry signs                                                              121

83.         Hand‑held stop signs                                                     121

Division 3 — Signs for trucks, buses and other large vehicles

84.         Clearance and low clearance signs                                 122

85.         Load limit signs                                                             122

86.         No trucks signs                                                             123

87.         Trucks must enter signs                                                 124

88.         No buses signs                                                              125

89.         Buses must enter signs                                                  125

90.         Trucks and buses low gear signs                                    126

91A.      Safety ramp and arrester bed signs                                127

Part 9 — Roundabouts

91.         Terms used                                                                  128

92.         Entering multi‑lane roundabout                                       128

93.         Indicating left when entering roundabout                         132

94.         Indicating right when entering roundabout                       132

95.         Right of way in roundabout                                            133

96.         Driving through roundabout                                            133

97.         Obeying marked arrows when driving in or leaving roundabout                 134

98.         Indicating when changing lanes or lines of traffic in roundabout                134

99.         Indicating left when leaving roundabout                          135

100.       Rider of bicycle or animal to give way to vehicle leaving roundabout         135

Part 10 — Level crossings

101.       Stopping at level crossing                                               136

102.       Approaching trains                                                        136

103.       Giving way at level crossing                                           137

104.       What to do if traffic is congested                                   137

105.       Leaving level crossing                                                   137

106.       Stopping at level crossing when vehicle is carrying dangerous goods         138

107.       Driving around boom gates                                            138

Part 11 — Keeping left, overtaking and other driving provisions

Division 1 — General

108.       Obstruction of vehicles and pedestrians                          139

109.       Keeping a safe distance behind vehicles                         139

110.       Keeping a minimum distance between long vehicles        140

111.       No entry to choked intersection                                      140

Division 2 — Keeping to the left

112.       Keeping as far left as practicable                                   141

113.       Restriction on use of right lane                                       141

114.       Keeping to the left of oncoming vehicles                         143

115.       Keeping to the left of marked or unmarked two‑way carriageway            144

116.       Keeping to the left of continuous dividing lines                145

117.       Keeping to the left of a median strip                               146

118.       Service roads                                                                147

119.       Driving on or across median strip, painted island etc.       147

120.       Avoiding obstructions on carriageway                            149

Division 3 — Overtaking

121.       No overtaking unless safe to do so                                 150

122.       Overtaking                                                                   151

123.       Passing or overtaking vehicle displaying do not overtake turning vehicle sign                 151

124.       Keeping a safe distance when overtaking                       153

125.       Courtesy when overtaking                                             153

Division 4 — Driving in marked lanes or lines of traffic

126.       Driving in single lane on carriageway                             153

127.       Moving from one marked lane to another marked lane across continuous line separating lanes155

128.       Giving way when lines of traffic merge into single line of traffic                156

129.       Driving on or across continuous white edge line              156

130.       Riding 2‑wheeled vehicle alongside more than one other rider 158

Division 5 — Obeying overhead traffic‑control signals applying to marked lanes

131.       Overhead traffic‑control signals                                     159

Division 6 — Driving in marked lanes designated for special purposes

132.       Bicycle lanes                                                                160

133.       Bus lanes                                                                     161

133A.    Busways                                                                      161

134.       Transit lanes                                                                 163

135.       Truck lanes                                                                  164

136.       Exceptions to driving in special purpose lanes etc.           164

137.       Marked lanes required to be used by particular kinds of vehicles               165

Part 12 — Restrictions on stopping and parking

Division 1 — General

138.       Stopping in an emergency etc. or to comply with another regulation          167

139.       Application of this Part to bicycles                                 168

Division 2 — No stopping and no parking signs, and yellow edge lines

140.       No stopping signs                                                          168

141.       No parking signs                                                           168

142.       No stopping on carriageway with yellow edge line           170

Division 3 — Stopping at intersections and crossings

143.       Prohibited stopping places                                              170

144.       Stopping on or near children’s crossing or pedestrian crossing 171

145.       Stopping on or near marked foot crossing (except at intersection)             173

146.       Stopping at or near bicycle crossing lights (except at intersection)             174

147.       Stopping on or near level crossing                                  174

Division 4 — Stopping on clearways and freeways and in emergency stopping lanes

148.       Stopping on clearway                                                    175

149.       Stopping on freeway                                                     176

150.       Stopping in emergency stopping lane                              177

Division 5 — Stopping in zones for particular vehicles

151.       Stopping in loading zone                                                 178

152.       Stopping in truck zone                                                   179

153.       Stopping in works zone etc.                                           179

154.       Stopping in taxi zone or bus zone                                    180

155.       Stopping in mail zone                                                     181

156.       Other limitations in zones                                               181

Division 6 — Other places where stopping is restricted

157.       Stopping in bus lane, transit lane, or truck lane                 181

158.       Stopping in shared zone                                                 182

159.       Double parking                                                             182

160.       Stopping near obstruction                                               183

161.       Stopping on bridge or in tunnel etc.                                 183

162.       Restriction on stopping vehicle on crests, curves etc.       184

163.       Stopping near fire hydrant etc.                                       185

164.       Stopping at or near bus stop                                           186

165.       Stopping on path, dividing strip, nature strip or painted island186

166.       Obstructing access to and from path, driveway etc.         187

167.       Stopping near letter box                                                 188

168.       Stopping on carriageway — heavy and long vehicles       188

169.       Stopping on carriageway with bicycle parking sign          188

170.       Stopping on carriageway with motor cycle parking sign   189

171.       Stopping in parking area for people with disabilities          189

Division 7 — Permissive parking signs and parking fees

172.       Information on or with permissive parking signs              191

173A.    Parking outside times indicated                                      194

173.       Parking for longer than indicated                                    195

174.       Time extension for people with disabilities                       195

175.       Parking where fees are payable                                     195

Division 8 — Parallel parking

176.       Parallel parking on carriageway (except in median strip parking area)       196

177.       Parallel parking in median strip parking area                   198

Division 9 — Angle parking

178.       Angle parking                                                               199

Division 10 — Other parking related provisions

179.       Parking in parking bays                                                 202

180.       Entering and leaving median strip parking area                202

181.       Making motor vehicle secure                                         203

Part 13 — Lights and warning devices

Division 1 — Lights on motor vehicles

182.       Lights on moving motor vehicles                                    205

183.       Using fog lights                                                             205

184.       Lights on towed vehicles                                               206

185.       Using headlights on high‑beam                                       207

186.       Lights not to be used to dazzle other road users               208

187.       Using lights on some stopped vehicles                            208

188.       Using hazard warning lights                                           208

Division 2 — Lights on animal‑drawn vehicles

189.       Lights on animal‑drawn vehicles during hours of darkness or in hazardous weather conditions209

Division 3 — Horns

190.       Use of horns etc.                                                          210

Division 4 — Portable warning signs for heavy vehicles

191.       Portable warning signs for disabled heavy vehicles          210

192.       Fallen loadings from heavy vehicles requiring signs          211

193.       Restriction on flashing warning lights                              212

Part 14 — Pedestrians

Division 1 — General

194.       No pedestrians signs                                                     213

195.       Pedestrians on a road with road access sign                   213

196.       Crossing carriageway — general                                   214

197.       Crossing at pedestrian lights                                           214

198.       Crossing carriageway with traffic‑control signals that do not include pedestrian lights    216

199.       Crossing carriageway on or near crossing for pedestrians 217

200.       Crossing level crossing                                                  218

201.       Pedestrians not to cause obstruction                               219

202.       Getting on or into moving vehicle                                    219

203.       Pedestrians travelling along carriageway (except in or on wheeled recreational device or toy)220

204.       Pedestrians on part of path designated for bicycles only   221

Division 2 — Persons travelling in or on wheeled recreational devices, motorised scooters and wheeled toys

205.       Games on roads                                                            223

206.       Wheeled recreational device, motorised scooters and toys prohibited on certain carriageways and at certain times223

207.       Travelling in or on wheeled recreational device, motorised scooter or wheeled toy on carriageway224

208.       Travelling in or on wheeled recreational device, motorised scooter or wheeled toy on footpath or shared path224

209.       Travelling on in‑line skates etc. on bicycle path or separated footpath        225

209A.    Protective helmets to be worn on motorised scooters       226

210.       Towing of wheeled recreational devices, motorised scooters and toys       226

210A.    Proper control of motorised scooters                              227

Part 15 — Additional provisions for bicycle riders

211.       Riding bicycles                                                              228

212.       Carrying people on bicycle                                             228

213.       Riding in bicycle lane                                                     229

214.       No riding across road on crossing                                   229

215A.    Entering bicycle storage area on bicycle                         229

215B.     Giving way while entering or in bicycle storage area on bicycle                 229

215.       Riding on wrong part of separated footpath                     230

216.       Shared paths and separated footpaths                             230

217.       Riding to the left of oncoming bicycle riders on path        231

218.       No bicycles signs and markings                                      231

219.       Bicycle riders not to cause obstruction                            233

220.       Towing of bicycles                                                        233

221.       Riding too close behind motor vehicle                             233

222.       Protective helmets to be worn                                        233

222A.    Power assisted pedal cycles, protective helmets to be worn when riding    234

223A.    Passengers to wear protective helmets                           235

223.       Riding with person on bicycle trailer                               235

224.       Lights and other equipment on bicycles                           236

225.       Red bicycle crossing lights                                             237

226.       Stopping for yellow bicycle crossing light                        237

227.       Proceeding when bicycle crossing lights change to yellow or red               238

228.       Riding a power assisted pedal cycle with power assistance engaged         239

229.       Proper control of bicycles                                              239

Part 16 — Persons travelling on or in a vehicle

Division 1 — Preliminary

230.       Terms used                                                                  240

231.       Medical certificate                                                        242

Division 2 — Requirement to wear seatbelts, etc.

232.       Driver to wear seatbelt                                                  243

233.       Wearing of seatbelts by passengers 16 years old or older 243

234.       Wearing of seatbelts by passengers under 16 years old    244

235.       Specific exemptions from wearing seatbelts and defences 247

235A.    Penalties for seatbelt offences by driver                         249

Division 4 — Exceptions

240.       Exemptions                                                                   252

241.       Police to consider safety of alleged offenders                 253

Division 5 — Other duties

242.       Body or limbs protruding from vehicles                           254

243.       Opening doors and alighting from vehicles                      255

244.       Drivers and pillion passengers upon motor cycles to wear protective helmets                255

245.       Motor cycle rider to be properly seated                          256

246A.    Passengers on 2‑wheeled motor cycles                          257

246B.     Passengers on trikes and motor cycles with sidecars       257

246.       Interfering with driver’s control of vehicle                      258

Part 17 — Additional provisions for drivers of public buses etc., in bus lanes

247A.    Application of this Part                                                  259

247.       Stopping for red B light                                                  259

248.       Stopping for yellow B light                                             259

249.       Exception to stopping for red or yellow B light                260

250.       Proceeding after stopping for red or yellow B light          260

251.       Proceeding when traffic‑control signal shows circular red light and white B light or white traffic arrow is showing260

252.       Proceeding when white B light or white arrow is no longer showing          261

Part 18 — Miscellaneous provisions

Division 1 — Miscellaneous provisions for drivers

253.       Driving on paths                                                            263

254.       Driving on nature strip                                                   264

255.       Creating excessive noise                                               265

256.       Putting glass etc. on roads                                             265

257.       Securing of loads                                                          266

258.       Evidentiary provisions relating to securing of loads          267

259.       Selling papers and cars, hitch‑hiking etc.                         269

260.       Vehicles etc. to have wheels                                         269

261.       Driving backwards                                                        270

263.       Drivers to have uninterrupted and undistracted views etc. 270

264A.    Dogs etc. on motor cycles                                             271

264.       Use of visual display units etc. in vehicle                        271

265.       Use of hand‑held mobile phones                                     272

Division 2 — Provisions for people in charge of animals

267.       Leading animals                                                            273

268.       Rider of animal on footpath or nature strip to give way to pedestrians        273

269.       Riding animal alongside more than one other rider           273

270.       Proper control of animals                                               274

Division 3 — Directions by police and authorised persons

271.       Authorised person to be declared                                   274

272.       Obedience to police or authorised persons                      274

273.       Directions by police                                                       275

Division 4 — Unattended and unauthorised vehicles and stock on roads

274.       Removal of unattended vehicles                                     277

275.       Unattended stock on roads                                            277

276.       Restrictions on driving of stock                                      278

277.       Permit for driving of stock                                             278

Division 5 — Towing

278.       Towing a vehicle, trailer etc.                                          279

279.       Towed vehicles, trailers etc.                                          281

Part 19 — Exemptions, specific local and transitional provisions

Division 1 — Exemptions

280.       Exemption for drivers of emergency vehicles (police officers)                  282

281.       Exemption for drivers of emergency vehicles (other)       282

282A.    Exemption for drivers of vehicles used in police driver training                  283

282.       Stopping and parking exemption for emergency vehicles, police vehicles and authorised persons283

283.       Exemption for police and emergency workers on foot or on patrol             284

284.       General exemptions from seatbelt provisions                   284

285.       Exemption for road workers etc.                                    285

285A.    Exemption for operators of speed measuring equipment   288

285B.     Exemption for operators of “red light” cameras               289

286.       Exemption for oversize vehicles                                     290

287.       Exemption for tow truck drivers                                     291

288A.    Exemption for motor break‑down service vehicles           292

288.       Exemption for postal vehicles                                         293

289.       Exemption for certain vehicles displaying flashing warning lights               293

Division 2 — Specific local provisions

290.       Processions and public meetings                                    296

291.       Temporary closure of or restriction on use of roads         297

292.       Restrictions on traffic in pedestrian mall                         297

292A.    Directions when road under repair etc.                           298

Division 3 — Stop lines and give way lines

293.       Stop signs and stop lines                                                298

294.       Give way signs and give way lines                                 299

Part 20 — General

295.       Authorisation to be in writing                                         300

296.       Delineation of parking areas etc.                                    300

297.       Power to erect traffic‑control signals and road signs        300

298.       Unauthorised use of various traffic‑related items             303

299.       Limits on operation of signs                                           304

300.       All traffic‑control signals and traffic signs to be operative 304

301.       Inscriptions on signs to have effect according to their tenor304

302.       Variations in traffic signs etc.                                        304

303A.    Audible lines                                                                 306

303.       Operation of signs on holidays                                        306

304.       Symbols, lights and traffic related items etc.                    306

305.       Representations of traffic signs, traffic‑control signals, symbols etc. in these regulations 306

306.       References to pedestrians crossing carriageway             307

Schedule 1  Abbreviations and symbols

Schedule 2 — Standard or commonly used traffic signs

Schedule 3 — Other permitted traffic signs

Schedule 4 — Symbols, lights and traffic‑related items

Notes

             Compilation table                                                          345

             Provisions that have not come into operation                   347

Defined Terms

 

 

Crest

Reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as

at 7 January 2011

Road Traffic Act 1974

Road Traffic Code 2000

Part 1 Preliminary

1.           Citation

             These regulations may be cited as the Road Traffic Code 2000 1.

2.           Commencement

             These regulations come into operation on 1 December 2000.

3.           Terms used

     (1)    In these regulations —

              accredited pilot means a person who has successfully completed a training course in the pilotage of oversize vehicles, being a course that is —

                 (a)    provided by a person registered by the Training Accreditation Council as a training provider under the Vocational Education and Training Act 1996 section 58B(a); and

                 (b)    accredited by that Council under section 58C(a) of that Act;

              ACROD sticker has the same meaning as in the Local Government (Parking for Disabled Persons) Regulations 1988;

              alcohol ignition interlock device means a device in a vehicle that is designed to prevent the vehicle from being started or driven unless the device is supplied with a breath sample that contains either no alcohol, or less than a certain concentration of alcohol;

              articulated vehicle means a motor vehicle having at its rear a portion on wheels that is pivoted to, and part of which is superimposed on and supported by, the front portion of the vehicle;

              authorised body means a government department, government instrumentality, statutory authority, local government or a body authorised by the Commissioner of Main Roads for the purposes of regulation 297(2);

              authorised person means a person authorised by the Commissioner of Police under regulation 271;

              B light means a traffic‑control signal showing a red, white or yellow B light;

Example

White B light

              B lights means a traffic‑control signal designed to show a B light, or 2 or more B lights at different times;

              bicycle means a vehicle with 2 or more wheels that is built to be propelled by human power through a belt, chain or gears (whether or not it has an auxiliary motor) —

                 (a)    including a pedicab, penny‑farthing and tricycle; but

                 (b)    not including a wheelchair, wheeled recreational device, wheeled toy, scooter or a power‑assisted pedal cycle (if the motor is operating);

              bicycle crossing lights means a device designed to show, at different times, a green, yellow or red bicycle crossing light;

Example

Red bicycle crossing light

(bicycle symbol in red)

Green bicycle crossing light

(bicycle symbol in green)

Yellow bicycle crossing light

(bicycle symbol in yellow)

              bicycle hook turn storage area means an area between an intersection and a marked foot crossing, or if there is no marked foot crossing, a stop line, before the intersection that has painted on it one or more bicycle symbols and one or more right traffic lane arrows, and includes any line that delineates the right side of the area, and any line that delineates the left side of the area that is not also a stop line or part of a marked foot crossing but does not include a bicycle storage area;

              bicycle lane means a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane —

                 (a)    beginning at a “bicycle lane” sign applying to the lane; and

                 (b)    ending at the nearest of the following:

                              (i)    an “end bicycle lane” sign applying to the lane;

                             (ii)    an intersection (unless the lane is at the unbroken side of the continuing road at a T‑intersection or continued across the intersection by broken lines);

                            (iii)    if the carriageway ends at a dead end — the end of the carriageway;

Bicycle lane sign

End bicycle lane sign

Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of the “bicycle lane” sign, and another permitted version of the “end bicycle lane” sign.

              bicycle path means a length of path beginning at a “bicycle path” sign or a “bicycle path” road marking and ending at the nearest of the following:

                 (a)    an “end bicycle path” sign, or an “end bicycle path” road marking;

                 (b)    a “separated footpath” sign or a “separated footpath” road marking;

                 (c)    a carriageway;

                 (d)    the end of the path;

Bicycle path sign

End bicycle path sign

Separated footpath sign

              bicycle path road marking means a road marking consisting of a bicycle symbol, the words “bicycles only”, or both the bicycle symbol and the word “only”;

              bicycle storage area means an area of road before an intersection with traffic control signals —

                 (a)    that has painted on it one or more bicycle symbols; and

                 (b)    that is between 2 parallel stop lines, regardless of whether the lines are of equal length; and

                 (c)    that opens out from a bicycle lane or shoulder,

              but does not include either stop line;

              Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority means the body established under section 4 of the Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority Act 1998;

              built‑up area means the territory contiguous to and including any road —

                 (a)    on which there is provision for street lighting at intervals of not over 100 m for a distance of at least 500 m or, if the road is shorter than 500 m, for the whole road; or

                 (b)    which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry or dwelling houses at intervals of less than 100 m for a distance of 500 m or more;

              bus means a motor vehicle, built mainly to carry people, that seats over 12 adults (including the driver);

              bus embayment means an embayment at the side of a carriageway, designed so that a public bus can be driven into it, for the purpose of allowing passengers to alight or enter, without impeding the flow of traffic on that carriageway, but does not include a bus lane;

              bus lane means a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane of a carriageway —

                 (a)    beginning at a “bus lane” sign (whether or not there is also a “bus lane” road marking) and ending at the nearest of the following —

                              (i)    an “end bus lane” sign;

                             (ii)    a traffic sign that indicates the beginning of another special purpose lane;

                         or

                 (b)    beginning at a “bus lane” road marking (if there is no “bus lane” sign) and ending at the next intersection;

Bus lane sign

End bus lane sign

              bus lane” road marking means a road marking consisting of —

                 (a)    the letters ‘BL’; or

                 (b)    the words ‘bus lane’; or

                 (c)    the words ‘bus only’;

              bus stop means a length of carriageway commencing 20 m on the approach side of, and ending 10 m on the departure side of, a post indicating that public buses stop at that point;

              bus zone means a length of carriageway to which a “bus zone” sign applies;

Bus zone sign

(arrow and background to words in red)

Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign.

Note   A “bus zone” sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged.

              busway means a portion of a carriageway that is —

                 (a)    enclosed in a manner intended to prevent vehicles from moving into that portion of the carriageway other than at the beginning of the portion of carriageway; and

                 (b)    defined by a “busway” sign at its beginning and an “end busway” sign at its end;

Busway sign

End busway sign

Busway cropped

Busway and end cropped

              carriageway means a portion of a road that is improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular traffic, and includes the shoulders, and areas, including embayments, at the side or centre of the carriageway, used for the stopping or parking of vehicles; and, where a road has 2 or more of those portions divided by a median strip, the expression means each of those portions, separately;

              centre, in relation to a carriageway, means a line or a series of lines, marks, or other indications —

                 (a)    for a two‑way carriageway — placed so as to delineate vehicular traffic travelling in different directions; or

                 (b)    in the absence of any such lines, marks or other indications — the middle of the main, travelled portion of the carriageway;

              children’s crossing means a portion of a carriageway between 2 parallel broken or unbroken lines, each approximately 150 mm wide and not more than 5 m apart marked across, or partly across the carriageway and near which “children crossing – stop” signs are displayed and, where the lines are so marked partly across a carriageway, includes the portion of the carriageway between the prolongations of those lines;

Children crossing — stop sign

(octagonal background in red)

(square background in lime/yellow)

              combination means a group of vehicles consisting of a motor vehicle connected to one or more vehicles;

              continuing road in relation to a T‑intersection, means the carriageway that meets the terminating road at the T‑intersection;

              default speed limit, for a vehicle —

                 (a)    that is limited to a particular speed limit by these regulations that is slower than 110 km/h, means that slower speed limit; or

                 (b)    that is not otherwise limited to a particular speed limit by these regulations, means a speed limit of 110 km/h;

              de-restriction sign means a sign that indicates the end of a speed restriction, and replacing it with the default speed limit;

De-restriction sign

              dipped, in relation to the main beam of light projected by the headlight of a motor vehicle, means in the low‑beam position within the meaning of the Vehicle Standards;

              dipping device means a device by which the driver of a motor vehicle, while retaining his or her normal driving position, can cause the main beam or beams of light from the headlight or headlights of the vehicle to be dipped;

              dividing line means a road marking formed by a line, or 2 parallel lines approximately one line width apart, whether broken or continuous, or by a series of reflective markers, intended to divide a road lengthways into separate carriageways, to be used by vehicles travelling in opposite directions;

              dividing strip means an area or structure that divides a road lengthways into separate carriageways, but does not include a nature strip, bicycle path, footpath or shared path;

              edge line, for a carriageway, means a line marked along the carriageway at or near the far left or far right side of the carriageway;

              emergency stopping lane means a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane, to which an “emergency stopping lane only” sign applies;

Emergency stopping lane only sign

Note   The sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction.

              emergency vehicle means a motor vehicle —

                 (a)    when conveying a police officer on official duty or when that vehicle is stationary at any place connected with the official duty; or

                 (b)    of a fire brigade on official duty in consequence of a fire or an alarm of fire or of an emergency or rescue operation where human life is reasonably considered to be in danger; or

                 (c)    being an ambulance, answering an urgent call or conveying any injured or sick person to any place for the provision of urgent treatment; or

                 (d)    being used to obtain or convey blood or other supplies, drugs or equipment for a person urgently requiring treatment and duly authorised to carry a siren or bell for use as a warning instrument; or

                 (e)    duly authorised as an emergency vehicle for the purposes of these regulations, by the Director General;

              “end of heavy vehicle speed zone” sign means a sign, erected near the boundary of a carriageway to face approaching drivers, that is substantially rectangular in shape and consists of the message “END OF HEAVY VEHICLE SPEED ZONE” in black lettering upon a white background;

              fire hydrant means an upright pipe with a spout, nozzle or other outlet for drawing water from a main or service pipe in case of fire or other emergency;

Examples

Fire hydrant indicators

Fire plug indicator

              footpath means an area that is open to the public that is designated for, or has as one of its main uses, use by pedestrians;

              freeway means a road or portion of a road that is designated as a freeway by signs erected thereon or adjacent thereto;

Freeway signs

                  (background in green)                            (background in green)

End freeway sign

                                                 (background in green)

              front fog light has the same meaning as in the Vehicle Standards;

              GCM (which stands for “gross combination mass”), in relation to a vehicle, has the same meaning as “gross combination mass” has in the Vehicle Standards;

              give way line means a broken line marked across, or partly across, a carriageway that is not a part of a crossing;

Example

Give way line

              GVM (which stands for “gross vehicle mass”), for a vehicle, means the maximum loaded mass of the vehicle —

                 (a)    specified by the manufacturer on an identification plate on the vehicle; or

                 (b)    if there is no specification by the manufacturer on an identification plate on the vehicle or if the specification is not appropriate because the vehicle is modified — certified by the Director General;

              heavy vehicle means a vehicle, other than a bus, that has, or together with any attached trailer and its load has, a GCM that is 22.5 t or more;

              heavy vehicle speed zone means a length of carriageway, defined at its beginning by means of a “heavy vehicle speed zone” sign and at its end by means of an “end of heavy vehicle speed zone” sign;

              “heavy vehicle speed zone” sign means a sign, erected near the boundary of a carriageway to face approaching drivers, that is substantially rectangular in shape and consists of —

                 (a)    numerals in black set within a red circle; and

                 (b)    the message “ALL VEHICLES 22.5 tonnes or more” in black lettering,

              upon a white background;

              holiday period has the meaning given in subregulation (2);

              hook turn means a turn made in accordance with Part 4 Division 3;

              hours of darkness means the hours falling between sunset, on one day, and sunrise, on the succeeding day;

              intersection means —

                 (a)    the area where 2 or more carriageways meet; or

                 (b)    the area within which vehicles, travelling by, on or from different carriageways may come into conflict;

              keep clear marking means the words ‘keep clear’ marked across all or part of a carriageway, with or without continuous lines marked across all or part of the carriageway;

Examples

Example 1

Keep clear marking bounded by line road markings

Example 2

Keep clear marking with no line road markings

              laned carriageway means a carriageway divided into 2 or more marked lanes for vehicular traffic;

              level crossing means an area where a road and a railway meet at substantially the same level, whether or not there is a “level crossing” sign on the road at all or any of the entrances to the area;

Level crossing signs

(white cross on a red background)

              loading zone means a length of a carriageway to which a “loading zone” sign applies;

Loading zone sign

(arrow and background to words in red)

Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign.

Note   A “loading zone” sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged.

              mail zone means a length of carriageway to which a “mail zone” sign applies;

Mail zone sign

(arrow and background to words in red)

Note   A “mail zone” sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged.

              marked foot crossing means a portion of a carriageway —

                 (a)    at a place with pedestrian lights facing pedestrians crossing the carriageway, and traffic‑control signals facing drivers driving on the carriageway; and

                 (b)    indicated by a different road surface, or between 2 continuous or broken lines, or rows of studs or markers, on the road surface substantially from one side of the carriageway to the other;

              median strip means any physical provision, other than lines, dividing a road to separate vehicular traffic proceeding in opposing directions or to separate 2 one‑way carriageways for vehicular traffic proceeding in opposing directions;

              motor cycle means a motor vehicle that has 2 wheels and includes —

                 (a)    a 2‑wheeled motor vehicle with a sidecar attached to it that is supported by a third wheel; and

                 (b)    a motor vehicle with 3 wheels that is ridden in the same way as a motor vehicle with 2 wheels,

              but does not include any trailer;

              motor vehicle does not include a motorised scooter;

              motorised scooter means a scooter that is propelled by one or more electric motors (whether the motors are a part of the scooter or attached to the scooter) and complies with the requirements of paragraph (e) in the definition of scooter;

              motorised wheelchair means a motorised wheelchair that is designed so as to be not capable of a speed exceeding 10 km/h;

              nature strip means an area between a carriageway and the front boundary of adjacent land, but does not include a path;

              no bicycles road marking means a road marking consisting of a bicycle symbol with a diagonal line across it, or the words “no bicycles”, or both the symbol and the words;

              no parking area means —

                 (a)    a portion of carriageway to which a “no parking” sign applies; or

                 (b)    an area to which a “no parking” sign applies;

No parking sign
(for a length of carriageway)

(circle, slash and arrow in red)

No parking sign
(for an area)

(circle and slash in red)

Note   A “no parking” sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction.

              no stopping area means —

                 (a)    a portion of carriageway to which a “no stopping” sign applies; or

                 (b)    an area to which a “no stopping” sign applies;

No stopping sign
(for a length of carriageway)

(circle, slash and arrow in red)

No stopping sign
(for an area)

(circle and slash in red)

Note   A “no stopping” sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction.

              obstruction includes a traffic hazard, but does not include a vehicle only because the vehicle is stopped in traffic or is travelling more slowly than other vehicles;

              one‑way carriageway means a carriageway on which vehicles are permitted to travel in one direction only;

              oversize has the same meaning as in the Vehicle Standards;

              painted island means an area of road —

                 (a)    entirely surrounded by a line or lines (whether broken or continuous); or

                 (b)    surrounded partly by a line or lines (whether broken or continuous) and partly by a kerb on or next to the carriageway,

              which may be further identified by stripes or chevrons marked on the enclosed road surface, or by the enclosed road surface being a contrasting colour, but not including the road within a dividing line;

              park means to permit a vehicle, whether attended or not, to remain stationary, except for the purpose of —

                 (a)    avoiding conflict with other traffic; or

                 (b)    complying with the provisions of any law; or

                 (c)    taking up or setting down persons or goods (maximum of 2 minutes);

              parking area means —

                 (a)    a portion of carriageway to which a “permissive parking” sign applies; or

                 (b)    an area to which a “permissive parking” sign applies;

Permissive parking sign
(for a length of carriageway)

Permissive parking sign
(for an area)

Permissive parking sign displaying a people with disabilities symbol
(for a length of road)

Permissive parking sign displaying a people with disabilities symbol
(for an area)

              parking control sign means any of the following:

                 (a)    a “bicycle parking” sign;

                 (b)    a “bus zone” sign or bus stop post;

                 (c)    a “clearway” sign;

                 (d)    a “loading zone” sign;

                 (e)    a “mail zone” sign;

                  (f)    a “motor cycle parking” sign;

                 (g)    a “no parking” sign;

                 (h)    a “no stopping” sign;

                  (i)    a “people with disabilities parking” sign;

                  (j)    a “permissive parking” sign;

                 (k)    a “permissive parking” sign displaying a “people with disabilities” symbol;

                  (l)    a “taxi zone” sign;

                (m)    a “truck zone” sign;

                 (p)    a “works zone” sign;

              path includes bicycle path, footpath, separated footpath and shared path;

              pedestrian means any person on foot or in a perambulator, or a physically disabled person in an unmotorised wheelchair or in a motorised wheelchair, and includes —

                 (a)    a person pushing a perambulator or wheelchair; and

                 (b)    a person wheeling a bicycle or a wheeled toy, if the person is completely dismounted from the bicycle or wheeled toy; and

                 (c)    a person in or on a wheeled recreational device or a motorised scooter; and

                 (d)    a person under 12 years of age in or on a wheeled toy;

              pedestrian crossing means a portion of a carriageway —

                 (a)    defined —

                              (i)    by white stripes; or

                             (ii)    by white or yellow stripes (according to the colour of the carriageway) and the portions of the carriageway lying between those stripes,

                         in such a manner that each stripe is approximately parallel to the centre of the carriageway; and

                 (b)    near each end of which may be erected, on each side of the carriageway, so as to be clearly visible to an approaching driver, a “pedestrian crossing” sign;

Pedestrian crossing sign

(background in yellow)

              pedestrian light means a device designed to show, at different times —

                 (a)    a red pedestrian light – being either an illuminated red pedestrian symbol (whether or not flashing), or the words ‘don’t walk’ illuminated in red (whether or not flashing); or

                 (b)    green pedestrian light – being an illuminated green pedestrian symbol, or the word ‘walk’ illuminated in green (whether or not flashing);

Red pedestrian light showing red pedestrian symbol

Green pedestrian light showing green pedestrian symbol

              pedestrian mall means any road or portion of a road that is designated as a pedestrian mall by signs erected thereon or adjacent thereto;

              postal vehicle means a motor vehicle or bicycle driven or ridden by a person in the course of collecting or delivering postal articles for, or on behalf of, the Australian Postal Corporation;

              public bus means a bus operated by or on behalf of the State as a passenger vehicle, to carry passengers for hire or reward, whether in connection with a railway or not, but does not include a vehicle operative as a taxi using taxi plates issued under the Taxi Act 1994 or licensed as a taxi‑car under Part IIIB of the Transport Co‑ordination Act 1966;

              rear fog light has the same meaning as in the Vehicle Standards;

              rider means the driver of, or person riding, a motor cycle, bicycle, animal or animal‑drawn vehicle, but does not include a passenger, or a person walking beside and wheeling a bicycle;

              road marking means a word, figure, symbol, mark, line, raised marker or stud, on the surface of a carriageway, to direct or warn traffic;

              road sign means a board, plate, screen, road marking, or other device, whether or not illuminated, displaying words, figures, symbols or anything else to direct or warn traffic on, entering or leaving a road;

              school zone means a carriageway or length of carriageway —

                 (a)    defined at its beginning by means of a “school zone” sign and at its end by means of an “end school zone” sign; or

                 (b)    that forms part of a network of 2 or more carriageways defined by means of —

                              (i)    “school zone” signs erected near the boundary of each carriageway that provides access to the network, so that a driver can only lawfully enter the network on a carriageway by passing a “school zone” sign; and

                             (ii)    “end school zone” signs erected near the boundary of each carriageway that provides an exit from the area, so that a driver can only lawfully exit the network on a carriageway by passing an “end school zone” sign;

School zone sign

End school zone sign

60

Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs.

              school zone periods means the days (if any), and the periods (if any) during those days, that the speed limit indicated on a “school zone” sign has effect;

              scooter means a device that —

                 (a)    has 2 or more wheels and a footboard supported by those wheels; and

                 (b)    is steered by handlebars; and

                 (c)    is designed to be used by a single person; and

                 (d)    is propelled by any one or more of the following —

                              (i)    gravity;

                             (ii)    the user pushing a foot against the ground;

                            (iii)    an electric motor or motors;

                         and

                 (e)    if it is fitted with an electric motor or motors, satisfies the following criteria —

                              (i)    its maker certifies (either by means of a plate attached to the motor or on each motor, or by means of engraving on the motor or each motor) the ungoverned power output of the motor, or each motor;

                             (ii)    the maximum power output of the motor, or the combined maximum power output of the motors, is not more than 200 watts;

                            (iii)    when propelled only by the motor, or motors, the scooter is not capable of going faster than 10 km/h on level ground;

              separated footpath means a length of footpath beginning at a “separated footpath” sign or a “separated footpath” road marking, and ending at the nearest of the following:

                 (a)    an “end separated footpath” sign or an “end separated footpath” road marking;

                 (b)    a “no bicycles” sign, or a “no bicycles” road marking;

                 (c)    a “bicycle path” sign or “bicycle path” road marking;

                 (d)    a carriageway;

                 (e)    the end of the path;

Separated footpath sign

End separated footpath sign

No bicycles sign

(circle and slash in red)

Bicycle path sign

              separated footpath road marking means a road marking consisting of a pedestrian symbol and a bicycle symbol side by side, with or without the word “only”;

              service road means a carriageway that —

                 (a)    is separated from other parts of a road by a dividing strip that is not designed or developed, wholly or mainly, to separate vehicles travelling in opposite directions; and

                 (b)    is —

                              (i)    designed or developed to be used, wholly or mainly, by vehicular traffic servicing adjacent land; or

                             (ii)    indicated to be a service road by information on or with a traffic‑control signal on or adjacent to the carriageway;

              shared path means an area open to the public (except a separated footpath) that is designated for, or has as one of its main uses, use by both the riders of bicycles and pedestrians, and includes a length of path beginning at a “shared path” sign or “shared path” road marking and ending at the nearest of the following:

                 (a)    an “end shared path” sign or “end shared path” road marking;

                 (b)    a “no bicycles” sign, or a “no bicycles” road marking;

                 (c)    a “bicycle path” sign;

                 (d)    a carriageway;

                 (e)    the end of the path;

Shared path sign

End shared path sign

No bicycles sign

(circle and slash in red)

Bicycle path sign

              shared path road marking means a road marking consisting of the symbols used in the “shared path” sign, and an “end shared path road marking” consists of those symbols with the word “END”;

              shared zone means —

                 (a)    a length of road with —

                              (i)    both a “shared zone” sign and an “end shared zone” sign; and

                             (ii)    no intersection between the signs;

                         or

                 (b)    a length of road with —

                              (i)    a “shared zone” sign; and

                             (ii)    a dead end; and

                            (iii)    no intersection between the sign and the dead end;

                         or

                 (c)    the network of roads in an area with —

                              (i)    a “shared zone” sign on each road into the area, indicating the same number; and

                             (ii)    an “end shared zone” sign on each road out of the area;

Shared zone sign

(circle in red)

End shared zone sign

Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs.

Note   A “shared zone” sign may also have a different number on the sign.

              slip lane means an area of carriageway for vehicles turning left that is separated, at some point, from other parts of the road by some form of painted island or traffic island;

              special purpose lane means a bicycle lane, bus lane, emergency stopping lane, transit lane or truck lane;

              special purpose vehicle means —

                 (a)    a vehicle being driven by a member of the Police Force on official duty or that vehicle when it is stationary at any place connected with the official duty; or

                 (b)    a public utility service truck; or

                 (c)    a tow truck; or

                 (d)    a motor break‑down service vehicle; or

                 (e)    a vehicle being used by a governmental or local authority in connection with its roadwork or speed zoning functions; or

                  (f)    a vehicle duly authorised as a special purpose vehicle for the purposes of these regulations, by the Director General,

              but does not include an emergency vehicle;

              speed limit sign means a sign, other than an “area speed limit” sign, a “school zone” sign or a “heavy vehicle speed zone” sign, that is substantially rectangular in shape and —

                 (a)    is erected near the boundary of a carriageway; and

                 (b)    consists of black numerals set within a red circle upon a white background;

Speed limit sign
(Standard sign)

(circle in red)

Note   A speed limit sign may have a different number on the sign.

              speed limited area means a carriageway or length of carriageway —

                 (a)    defined at its beginning by means of an “area speed limit” sign and at its end by means of an “end area speed limit” sign; or

                 (b)    that forms part of a network of 2 or more carriageways defined by means of —

                              (i)    “area speed limit” signs erected near the boundary of each carriageway that provides access to the network, so that a driver can only lawfully enter the network on a carriageway by passing an “area speed limit” sign; and

                             (ii)    “end area speed limit” signs erected near the boundary of each carriageway that provides an exit from the area, so that a driver can only lawfully exit the network on a carriageway by passing an “end area speed limit” sign;

Area speed limit sign

(circle in red)

End area speed limit sign

Area speed limit sign

(circle in red)

End area speed limit sign

 

Note for examples of signs   There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs.

              speed zone means a length of carriageway defined at its beginning by means of a speed limit sign, and at its end by means of —

                 (a)    a de‑restriction sign or an “end speed limit” sign; or

                 (b)    another speed limit sign; or

                 (c)    an “area speed limit” sign, a “school zone” sign or a “heavy vehicle speed zone” sign; or

                 (d)    a T‑intersection where that carriageway ends;

Speed limit signs

Speed limit sign
(Standard sign)

(circle in red)

Speed limit sign
(Variable illuminated message sign)

(circle illuminated red)

Other signs

End speed limit sign

De‑restriction sign

              stop, in relation to a vehicle, means to stop the vehicle and permit it to remain stationary, except for the purpose of avoiding conflict with other traffic or of complying with the provisions of any law;

              stop line means a continuous line —

                 (a)    that is marked across all or part of a carriageway; and

                 (b)    that is not part of a marked foot crossing, a keep clear marking or a bicycle hook turn storage area;

              stop sign means an octagonal (or, if hand‑held, octagonal or round) sign, inscribed with the word “Stop”, requiring a driver to stop;

Traffic light‑stop sign

(background in red)

Stop sign

(background in red)

Hand‑held stop signs

(background in red)

(background in orange)

              T‑intersection means an intersection where 2 carriageways meet (whether or not at right angles) and one of the carriageways ends;

              taxi means a taxi within the meaning of the Taxi Act 1994 or a taxi‑car within the meaning of section 47Z of the Transport Co‑ordination Act 1966;

              taxi zone means a length of carriageway to which a “taxi zone” sign applies;

Taxi zone sign

(arrow and background to words in red)

Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign.

Note   A “taxi zone” sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged.

              terminating road in relation to a T‑intersection, means —

                 (a)    if a carriageway at the intersection is designated by traffic signs or road markings, or in another way, as a carriageway that ends at the intersection — that carriageway; or

                 (b)    in any other case — a carriageway that ends at the intersection;

              tow truck has the same meaning as in the Road Traffic (Tow Truck) Regulations 1975;

              traffic‑control signal means any light or lights (coloured or otherwise), however operated, for the control or regulation of traffic, by the use of an illuminated word or words, an illuminated symbol or symbols, a coloured light or coloured lights or any combination of those things;

              traffic island means any physical provision, other than lines, marks or other indications on a carriageway, made at or near an intersection, to guide vehicular traffic;

              traffic sign means one of the road signs, marks, structures or devices set out in Schedule 2 or 3 placed, or erected, on or near a road;

              trailer means any vehicle without motive power of its own, designed for attachment to a motor vehicle for the purpose of being towed, but does not include the rear portion of an articulated vehicle, or a side‑car;

              train means a railway locomotive or rolling stock;

              transit lane means a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane —

                 (a)    beginning at a “transit lane” sign; and

                 (b)    ending at an “end transit lane” sign;

Transit lane signs

Transit lane (T2) sign

(background to T2 in red)

Transit lane (T3) sign

(background to T3 in red)

End transit lane signs

End transit lane (T2) sign

(background to T2 in red)

End transit lane (T3) sign

(background to T3 in red)

Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of the “transit lane” sign and another permitted version of the “end transit lane” sign.

              truck means a motor vehicle with a GVM over 4.5 t, except a bus or tractor;

              truck lane is a marked lane, or the part of a marked lane —

                 (a)    beginning at a “truck lane” sign; and

                 (b)    ending at an “end truck lane” sign;

Truck lane sign

End truck lane sign

Note   There is another permitted version of the “end truck lane” sign.

              truck zone means a length of carriageway to which a “truck zone” sign applies;

Truck zone sign

(arrow and background to words in red)

Note   There is another permitted version of this sign.

Note   A “truck zone” sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged.

              turn line means a road marking at an intersection, consisting of either a broken or continuous line that is designed to indicate how a turn is to be made at that intersection;

              turning lane means a portion of a marked lane on a carriageway set aside for turning vehicles by means of road markings or traffic signs;

              two‑way carriageway means any carriageway for use by vehicular traffic travelling in opposite directions;

              U turn means a turn by which a vehicle, facing or travelling on a carriageway in one direction, is made to face or travel in the opposite, or substantially in the opposite, direction, whether on the same or on another carriageway, but does not include a turn made at a roundabout;

              vehicle has the same meaning as that term has in the Act, and, in Parts 4 to 11, inclusive and in Part 18 of these regulations, includes an animal driven or ridden but does not include a wheeled toy or wheeled recreational device;

              Vehicle Standards means —

                 (a)    the Road Traffic (Vehicle Standards) Regulations 2002; and

                 (b)    the Road Traffic (Vehicle Standards) Rules 2002; and

                 (c)    the Road Traffic (Bicycles) Regulations 2002; and

                 (d)    the Road Traffic (Animal Drawn Vehicles) Regulations 2002; and

                 (e)    the Road Traffic (Towed Agricultural Implements) Regulations 1995;

              weekend means a Saturday and the following Sunday;

              wheeled recreational device means a wheeled device, built to transport a person, propelled by human power or gravity, and ordinarily used for recreation or play —

                 (a)    including —

                              (i)    in‑line skates, rollerskates, a skateboard or similar wheeled device; and

                             (ii)    a scooter being used by a person aged 12 years of age or older; and

                            (iii)    a unicycle,

                         but

                 (b)    not including a golf buggy, pram, stroller or trolley, or a bicycle, wheelchair or wheeled toy;

              wheeled toy means a child’s pedal car, a tricycle, a scooter (other than a motorised scooter) or a similar toy, but only if it is being used by a child under 12 years of age;

              works zone means a length of a road to which a “works zone” sign applies.

Works zone sign

(arrow and background to words in red)

Note   There is another permitted version of this sign.

Note   A “works zone” sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction and anything on the sign may be differently arranged.

     (2)    For the purposes of this Code —

                 (a)    if a public holiday falls on a Monday, the period of 4 days beginning with the last Friday before that Monday and ending with that Monday is a holiday period; and

                 (b)    if a public holiday falls on a Friday, the period of 4 days beginning with the last Thursday before that Friday and ending with the Sunday after that Friday is a holiday period; and

                 (c)    despite paragraphs (a) and (b), the period of 5 days beginning with the last Thursday before Good Friday and ending with Easter Monday is a holiday period; and

                 (d)    despite paragraphs (a) and (b), the period of 17 days beginning with the last Friday before Christmas Day is a holiday period.

     (3)    In subregulation (2)(a) and (b) —

              public holiday means a day specified, or appointed under the power, in the Public and Bank Holidays Act 1972 Second Schedule to be a public holiday.

              [Regulation 3 amended in Gazette 1 Dec 2000 p. 6752; 11 Jan 2002 p. 50; 8 Mar 2002 p. 946‑7; 1 Nov 2002 p. 5397‑8; 16 Apr 2003 p. 1240; 23 Sep 2003 p. 4167; 12 Dec 2003 p. 5048; 6 Apr 2004 p. 1135; 10 Dec 2004 p. 5917; 29 Dec 2006 p. 5921‑2 and 5924; 8 Feb 2008 p. 316 and 321‑2; 10 Jun 2008 p. 2466; 9 Oct 2009 p. 3996; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4541 and 4561‑4; 19 Nov 2010 p. 5749‑50.]

Part 2 Application

4.           Scope of regulations

     (1)    Unless the context requires otherwise, these regulations apply to persons, vehicles and things on roads only, and where a provision of these regulations requires, or prohibits, the doing of any act or thing, that requirement or prohibition relates to the doing of that act or thing, on a road.

     (2)    Where a provision of these regulations requires, or prohibits, the doing of any act or thing on a path, that requirement or prohibition only relates to the doing of that act or thing, on the path if the path forms a part of a road.

4A.        Minister may declare Code requirements do not apply

     (1)    The Minister may declare, in writing, that a specified requirement of this Code does not apply to a specified person or vehicle for a specified period of time.

     (2)    A declaration under subregulation (1) may set out a place to which the declaration is limited.

              [Regulation 4A inserted in Gazette 11 Jun 2003 p. 2103.]

5.           Infringement notices not to be issued to children under 14

             Despite any regulation providing that an offender may be dealt with by way of an infringement notice and a modified penalty, an alleged offender against these regulations, under 14 years of age, is not to be dealt with by way of an infringement notice and modified penalty.

6.           Members of the Police Force

             Without limiting the operation of section 7 or 110 of the Act, any reference in regulations 46, 272, 273 or 297 to a member of the Police Force includes a police officer, and a person who —

                 (a)    has been appointed to be a warden under section 7 of the Act; and

                 (b)    is authorised by the Road Traffic (Licensing) Regulations 1975 to perform the duties of controlling vehicles and pedestrians at children’s crossings and pedestrian crossings; and

                 (c)    is at the relevant time performing any of the duties referred to in paragraph (b).

7.           Requirement to give way, effect of

     (1)    Where any of these regulations require a driver or pedestrian to give way to a person or vehicle, the requirement takes effect when there is a reasonable possibility that, if he or she proceeded, he or she would collide or come into conflict with, or create any other dangerous situation with regard to, that person or vehicle; and, in that event, he or she is obliged to slow down to such an extent, or, as the circumstances may require, stop and remain stationary for such time, as may be necessary to allow the person or vehicle to continue on his, her or its course.

     (2)    Where any of these regulations require a driver who is turning from a carriageway at an intersection to give way to a pedestrian who is crossing the carriageway that the driver is entering, the requirement applies if and only if the pedestrian’s line of travel in crossing the carriageway is essentially perpendicular to the edges of the carriageway the driver is entering.

              [Regulation 7 amended in Gazette 19 Nov 2010 p. 5750.]

8A.        Requirement to stop as near as practicable to place, effect of

             A requirement in these regulations for a driver to stop as near as practicable to a place is not complied with if the driver stops behind a vehicle that has stopped at the place.

                           Example

                   If a driver stops behind a vehicle that has stopped at a stop sign or stop line in accordance with regulation 50, 51 or 101, the driver must, after the vehicle has proceeded, stop at the stop sign or stop line in accordance with the regulation.

              [Regulation 8A inserted in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4564.]

8.           Offence against local laws not offence against this Code

     (1)    Where, in any particular case, the parking or stopping of a vehicle constitutes an offence against local laws in force in a local government district under the provisions of Part 3 Division 2 Subdivision 1 of the Local Government Act 1995, the parking or stopping of that vehicle does not constitute an offence against the provisions of this Code (other than regulation 108).

     (2)    Where a parking or stopping offence against a local law to which subregulation (1) applies is subject to conditions or exceptions, then a person who complies with all the conditions or is subject to the exceptions does not commit an offence under either the local law or this Code.

9.           Penalties

     (1)    A person who contravenes or fails to comply with any of the provisions of these regulations, commits an offence.

   (1a)    A person who commits an offence against Part 16 of these regulations, other than an offence contained in Part 16 Division 5, is liable to —

                 (a)    a minimum penalty of the number of penalty units that could be imposed as a modified penalty for the particular offence and a maximum penalty of twenty‑four penalty units (24 PU) for a first offence; and

                 (b)    a minimum penalty of the number of penalty units that could be imposed as a modified penalty for the particular offence and a maximum penalty of forty‑eight penalty units (48 PU) for a subsequent offence.

     (2)    A person who commits an offence against these regulations is liable to a penalty not exceeding twenty‑four penalty units (24 PU) and, for a subsequent offence, to a penalty not exceeding thirty‑two penalty units (32 PU).

   (2a)    For the purposes of subregulation (1a), an offence shall be regarded as a subsequent offence if the person by whom it is committed has previously committed an offence against Part 16 of these regulations, other than an offence contained in Part 16 Division 5.

     (3)    For the purposes of subregulation (2), an offence against these regulations shall be regarded as a subsequent offence if the person by whom it is committed has previously committed an offence against these regulations, or against the Road Traffic Code 1975.

     (4)    The offences in this Code that are followed by a penalty expressed as a “modified penalty” are offences that are prescribed for the purposes of section 102 of the Act, and the modified penalty directly following the offence is the prescribed penalty in respect of that offence, if dealt with under that section, in the manner prescribed in the Road Traffic (Infringements) Regulations 1975.

     (5)    If the commission of an offence under this Code involves the driving or use of a motor vehicle and this Code fixes a penalty for the offence expressed as a number of points, the Road Traffic (Miscellaneous) Regulations 2008 regulation 6(3) prescribes that offence as a demerit point offence in WA.

              [Regulation 9 amended in Gazette 6 Apr 2004 p. 1135; 22 Dec 2006 p. 5817; 5 Apr 2007 p. 1555‑6; 29 Feb 2008 p. 694; 10 Jun 2008 p. 2467.]

10.         Repeal

             The Road Traffic Code 1975 is repealed.

Part 3 Speed restrictions

11.         Speed limits generally

     (1)    A person shall not drive a vehicle at a speed exceeding the default speed limit for that vehicle.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

     (2)    A person shall not drive a vehicle in a built‑up area, at a speed exceeding 50 km/h, except within a speed zone in which a higher speed is permitted.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

     (3)    A person shall not drive a vehicle in a speed zone, at a speed exceeding, in kilometres per hour, that indicated by the numerals on the speed limit sign, at the beginning of the speed zone.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

Speed limit signs

Speed limit sign
(Standard sign)

(circle in red)

Speed limit sign
(Variable illuminated message sign)

(circle illuminated red)

     (4)    A person shall not drive a vehicle in a shared zone, at a speed exceeding 10 km/h.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

Shared zone sign

(circle in red)

End shared zone sign

     (5)    A person shall not drive a vehicle in a speed limited area, at a speed exceeding, in kilometres per hour, that indicated by the numerals on the “area speed limit” sign erected on a road leading into that area.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

Area speed limit sign

(circle in red)

End area speed limit sign

 

Area speed limit sign

(circle in red)

End area speed limit sign

 

Note for examples of signs   There are a number of other permitted versions of each of these signs.

     (6)    A person shall not drive a vehicle in a school zone —

                 (a)    at a speed exceeding, in kilometres per hour, that indicated by the numerals on; and

                 (b)    during the school zone periods indicated on,

             the “school zone” sign at the beginning of the school zone.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

School zone sign

End school zone sign

60

     (7)    A person shall not drive a vehicle in a pedestrian mall at a speed exceeding 10 km/h.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

              [Regulation 11 amended in Gazette 1 Dec 2000 p. 6797; 16 Nov 2001 p. 5990; 8 Jan 2002 p. 38.]

12.         Minimum speeds on freeways

             In a freeway speed zone, a person shall not drive a vehicle at a speed that is more than 20 km/h below the speed limit unless —

                 (a)    traffic congestion prevents the person from driving the vehicle at a speed that is within 21 km/h of the speed limit; or

                 (b)    for any other reason, it is unsafe or imprudent for the person to drive the vehicle at a speed that is within 21 km/h of the speed limit.

              Modified penalty: 1 PU

13.         Heavy vehicles and vehicles towing trailers

     (1)    This regulation is subject to any other provisions of these regulations prescribing a maximum speed for any vehicle lower than that prescribed by this regulation.

     (2)    A person shall not drive a vehicle to which a trailer or other vehicle is attached at a speed exceeding 100 km/h.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

     (3)    A person shall not drive a vehicle, the GVM of which, taking into account any trailer attached and including the total load carried, is more than 12 t, at a speed exceeding 100 km/h.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

     (4)    A person shall not drive a bus with a GVM over 5 t at a speed exceeding 100 km/h.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

     (5)    The several speeds prescribed by this regulation apply to the respective classes of vehicle therein mentioned, notwithstanding the existence of speed zones that permit higher speeds for other classes of vehicles.

14.         Heavy vehicle speed zones

             A person shall not drive a heavy vehicle in a heavy vehicle speed zone at a speed exceeding the speed limit indicated by numbers shown on the “heavy vehicle speed zone” sign.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

[15.       Deleted in Gazette 1 Dec 2000 p. 6758.]

16.         Speed restriction on bridge

             Where a traffic sign is erected near a bridge to face an approaching driver, then if the sign is inscribed with the words, “Speed Limit on Bridge”, followed by numerals and the letters “km/h” the driver shall not exceed the speed in kilometres per hour indicated by the sign, while he or she is between it and the far end of the bridge.

              Points and modified penalty: see regulation 17.

17.         Penalties for speeding

     (1)    Subject to regulation 17(2), the following points and modified penalties apply for the offences in this Part that refer to this regulation for their penalty.

Description

Points

Modified Penalty

Exceeding a speed limit by —

 

 

(a)

not more than 9 km/h

 

1.5 PU

(b)

more than 9 km/h but not more than 19 km/h —

 

 

(i)   during a holiday period

4

3 PU

(ii)  other than during a holiday period


2


3 PU

(c)

more than 19 km/h but not more than 29 km/h —

 

 

(i)   during a holiday period

6

6 PU

(ii)  other than during a holiday period


3


6 PU

(d)

more than 29 km/h but not more than 40 km/h —

 

 

(i)   during a holiday period

10

14 PU

(ii)  other than during a holiday period


5


14 PU

(e)

more than 40 km/h —

 

 

(i)   during a holiday period

14

20 PU

(ii)  other than during a holiday period


7


20 PU

     (2)    Despite regulation 17(1), the following points and modified penalties apply for the offences in this Part that refer to this regulation for their penalty if the offence is committed by the driver of a heavy vehicle.

Description

Points

Modified Penalty

Exceeding a speed limit by —

 

 

(a)

not more than 9 km/h

 

3 PU

(b)

more than 9 km/h but not more than 19 km/h —

 

 

(i)   during a holiday period

4

5 PU

(ii)  other than during a holiday period


2


5 PU

(c)

more than 19 km/h but not more than 29 km/h —

 

 

(i)   during a holiday period

6

8 PU

(ii)  other than during a holiday period


3


8 PU

(d)

more than 29 km/h but not more than 40 km/h —

 

 

(i)   during a holiday period

10

17 PU

(ii)  other than during a holiday period


5


17 PU

(e)

more than 40 km/h —

 

 

(i)   during a holiday period

14

20 PU

(ii)  other than during a holiday period


7


20 PU

              [Regulation 17 inserted in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5817‑18; amended in Gazette 29 Feb 2008 p. 694-5.]

18.         Reckless driving generally

             The provisions of this Part do not justify a driver driving at a speed that —

                 (a)    may constitute driving carelessly, recklessly or at a speed, or in a manner, that is dangerous to the public, having regard to all the circumstances; or

                 (b)    exceeds any maximum speed applicable to the vehicle and fixed by, or under, the Act or any regulation.

Part 4Making turns

Division 1Left turns at intersections

19.         Application of Division

             This Division applies to a driver making a left turn at an intersection and, where specifically expressed to do so, applies to a driver entering a roundabout.

20.         Left turns (single lanes)

     (1)    A driver who is about to make a left turn from a carriageway (other than a multi‑lane carriageway) at an intersection shall so drive the vehicle that, when it reaches the intersection, it is as near as practicable to the left edge or boundary of the carriageway.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example

Starting a left turn from a carriageway (except a multi‑lane carriageway)

     (2)    Subregulation (1) also applies to a rider of a bicycle who approaches and enters an intersection from a bicycle storage area.

     (3)    Despite subregulation (1), if there is space in a bicycle storage area for 2 riders of bicycles to be next to each other, the rider on the right may approach and enter the intersection as near as practicable to the right side of the other rider, but only if that other rider approaches and enters the intersection in accordance with this regulation.

              [Regulation 20 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4564‑5.]

21.         Left turns (multiple lanes)

     (1)    A driver turning left at an intersection or a roundabout from a multi‑lane carriageway shall approach and enter the intersection or roundabout from within the left lane unless —

                 (a)    the driver is required or permitted to approach and enter the intersection from within another marked lane under regulation 69, 73, or 137; or

                 (b)    the driver is turning, at B lights or traffic arrows, in accordance with Part 17; or

                 (c)    subregulation (2) applies to the driver.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example for subregulation (1)(a)

Starting a left turn on a multi‑lane carriageway with traffic lane arrows

  (2A)    A driver turning left at an intersection from a multi‑lane road that has a slip lane shall approach and enter the intersection from within the slip lane, unless an obstruction prevents the driver from entering the intersection from within that slip lane.

              Points: 2         Modified Penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A driver may approach and enter the intersection or roundabout from the marked lane next to the left lane as well as, or instead of, the left lane if —

                 (a)    the driver’s vehicle or combination, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 m long, or longer; and

                 (b)    the rearmost part of the vehicle (or of the combination, if that is the case) displays a “do not overtake turning vehicle” sign; and

                 (c)    any part of the vehicle is within 50 m of the nearest point of the intersection; and

                 (d)    it is not practicable for the driver to turn left from within the left lane; and

                 (e)    the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely turn left at the intersection by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.

Example

Long vehicle turning left from the left lane and next marked lane

  (3A)    If there is a bicycle storage area before an intersection that extends across one or more marked lanes of a multi‑lane carriageway, a rider of a bicycle turning left shall approach and enter the intersection from within the part of the bicycle storage area that is directly in front of the left marked lane, or of a bicycle lane or shoulder that is on the left side of the carriageway.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    In this regulation —

              left lane means —

                 (a)    the lane nearest to the far left side of the carriageway; or

                 (b)    if there is an obstruction (for example, a parked car or roadworks) in that lane — the lane nearest to that lane that is not obstructed,

              but does not include a special purpose lane in which the driver is not permitted to drive.

Do not overtake turning vehicle signs

               (background in yellow)            (top right portion in red, remainder of

                                                                              background in yellow)

 

              [Regulation 21 amended in Gazette 1 Dec 2000 p. 6752‑3; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4565.]

22.         Making left turn as indicated by turn line

     (1)    Subject to subregulations (2) and (3), if a driver is turning left at an intersection and there is a turn line indicating how the turn is to be made from the lane the driver is in, the driver shall make the turn as indicated by the turn line.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example

Making a left turn as indicated by a turn line

     (2)    Subregulation (1) does not apply to the driver of a public bus at an intersection if the driver is turning, at B lights or a traffic control signal, in accordance with Part 17.

     (3)    A driver may turn left at an intersection in a manner other than that indicated by a turn line if —

                 (a)    the driver’s vehicle or combination, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 m long, or longer; and

                 (b)    the rearmost part of the vehicle (or of the combination, if that is the case) displays a “do not overtake turning vehicle” sign; and

                 (c)    it is not practicable for the driver to turn left in the manner indicated by the turn line; and

                 (d)    the driver can safely turn left other than by the manner indicated by the turn line.

              [Regulation 22 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4566‑7.]

Division 2Right turns (other than hook turns) at intersections

23.         Application of Division

             This Division applies to a driver making a right turn at an intersection and, where specifically expressed to do so, at a roundabout, but does not apply to —

                 (a)    the rider of a bicycle making a hook turn under Division 3;

                 (b)    a driver making a U turn.

24.         Right turns (two‑way, single lanes)

     (1)    A driver who is about to make a right turn from a two‑way carriageway (other than a multi‑lane carriageway) at an intersection shall approach and enter the intersection —

                 (a)    so that the vehicle is to the left of, parallel with, and as near as practicable to, the centre of the carriageway; or

                 (b)    if the carriageway has a dividing line or median strip — so that the vehicle is to the left of, parallel to, and as near as practicable to, the dividing line or median strip.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example

Starting a right turn from a carriageway with a dividing line

     (2)    A driver making a right turn at an intersection where the carriageway being entered is a two‑way carriageway shall make the turn —

                 (a)    so that, wherever practicable, the vehicle passes to his or her right of the centre of the intersection; and

                 (b)    so that the vehicle enters the carriageway to his or her left of the centre of the carriageway.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    For the purposes of subregulations (2) and (4), a vehicle is deemed to enter a carriageway at the point where the front of the vehicle crosses the prolongation of the edge of the carriageway it is leaving.

     (4)    Subregulations (1) and (2) also apply to the rider of a bicycle who approaches and enters an intersection from a bicycle storage area.

     (5)    Despite subregulations (1), (2) and (3), if there is space in a bicycle storage area for 2 riders of bicycles to be next to each other, the rider on the left may approach and enter the intersection as near as practicable to the left side of the other rider, but only if that other rider approaches and enters the intersection in accordance with this regulation.

              [Regulation 24 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4567.]

25.         Right turns (one‑way, single lanes)

     (1)    A driver who is about to make a right turn from a one‑way carriageway (other than a multi‑lane carriageway) at an intersection shall approach and enter the intersection so that the vehicle is parallel with, and as near as practicable to, the right boundary of the carriageway.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example

Starting a right turn from a one‑way carriageway

     (2)    A driver making a right turn at an intersection where the carriageway being entered is a one‑way carriageway shall make the turn so that, wherever practicable, the vehicle passes to his or her right of the centre of the intersection.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    For the purposes of subregulation (2), a vehicle is deemed to enter a carriageway at the point where the front of the vehicle crosses the prolongation of the edge of the carriageway it is leaving.

26.         Right turns from multi‑lane carriageway

     (1)    A driver turning right at an intersection or a roundabout from a multi‑lane carriageway shall approach and enter the intersection or roundabout from within the right lane unless —

                 (a)    the driver is required or permitted to approach and enter the intersection from within another marked lane in accordance with regulation 70 or 73; or

                 (b)    the driver is turning, at B lights or traffic arrows, in accordance with Part 17; and

                 (c)    subregulation (2) applies to the driver.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example for subregulation (1)(a)

Starting a right turn on a multi‑lane carriageway with traffic lane arrows

     (2)    A driver may approach and enter the intersection or roundabout from the marked lane next to the right lane as well as, or instead of, the right lane if —

                 (a)    the driver’s vehicle or combination, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 m long, or longer; and

                 (b)    the rearmost part of the vehicle (or of the combination, if that is the case) displays a “do not overtake turning vehicle” sign; and

                 (c)    any part of the vehicle is within 50 m of the nearest point of the intersection; and

                 (d)    it is not practicable for the driver to turn right from within the right lane; and

                 (e)    the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely turn right at the intersection by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.

  (3A)    If there is a bicycle storage area before an intersection that extends across one or more marked lanes of a multi‑lane carriageway, a rider of a bicycle turning right (but not making a hook turn) shall approach and enter the intersection from within the part of the bicycle storage area that is directly in front of the right marked lane or of a bicycle lane that is on the right side of the carriageway.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    In this regulation —

              right lane means —

                 (a)    the lane nearest to the dividing line or median strip on the carriageway; or

                 (b)    if there is an obstruction (for example, a parked car or roadworks) in that lane — the lane nearest to that lane that is not obstructed,

              but does not include a special purpose lane in which the driver is not permitted to drive.

Do not overtake turning vehicle signs

                (background in yellow)           (top right portion in red, remainder of

                                                                              background in yellow)

 

              [Regulation 26 amended in Gazette 1 Dec 2000 p. 6753; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4567‑8.]

27.         Making a right turn (generally)

     (1)    Despite this Part, a driver who is about to make, or is making, a right turn at an intersection where turn lines or signs are so placed as to indicate that a different course from that specified in this regulation is to be travelled, shall not turn the vehicle at the intersection otherwise than as indicated by the turn lines or signs.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example

Making a right turn as indicated by a turn line

     (2)    If there is no road marking indicating how the turn is required to be made, the driver shall make the turn so the vehicle passes as near as practicable to the right of the centre of the intersection and into the left side of the carriageway that is being entered (unless that carriageway is a one‑way carriageway).

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example

Making a right turn from a carriageway with no road marking indicating how to make the turn

  (3A)    Subregulations (1) and (2) do not apply to the driver of a public bus at an intersection if the driver is turning, at B lights or traffic arrows, in accordance with Part 17.

  (3B)    A driver may turn right at an intersection in a manner other than that indicated by a turn line if —

                 (a)    the driver’s vehicle or combination, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 m long, or longer; and

                 (b)    the rearmost part of the vehicle (or of the combination, if that is the case) displays a “do not overtake turning vehicle” sign; and

                 (c)    it is not practicable for the driver to turn right in the manner indicated by the turn line; and

                 (d)    the driver can safely turn right other than by the manner indicated by the turn line.

     (3)    Despite this Part, a driver who is about to make, or is making, a right turn at an intersection where a member of the Police Force is controlling or directing traffic, shall make the turn before reaching the middle of the road into which he or she is turning by passing either to the front, or to the rear of, the member of the Police Force, as he or she may be directed.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

              [Regulation 27 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5819; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4568‑9.]

Division 3Hook turns by bicycles at intersections

28.         Optional hook turn by bicycle rider

     (1)    The rider of a bicycle turning right at an intersection without a “no hook turn by bicycles” sign, may turn right at the intersection by making a right turn or a hook turn.

No hook turn by bicycles sign

     (2)    A rider of a bicycle shall not make a hook turn under this regulation unless it is made in accordance with subregulations (3) and (4).

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    To make a hook turn, a rider of a bicycle must take, in sequence, each of the following steps:

                   1    Approach and enter the intersection in the lane furthest left that allows the rider to ride straight through the intersection and from as near as practicable to the far left side of that lane.

                   2    Move forward —

                             (a)    keeping as near as practicable to the far left side of the intersection; and

                             (b)    keeping clear of any marked foot crossing; and

                             (c)    keeping clear, as far as practicable, of any driver turning left from the left of the intersection,

                         until the rider is as near as practicable to the far side of the carriageway that the rider is entering.

                   3    If there are traffic‑control signals at the intersection, remain at the position reached under step 2 until the traffic‑control signals on the carriageway that the rider is entering change to green.

                   4    If there are no traffic‑control signals at the intersection, remain at the position reached under step 2 until the rider has given way to approaching drivers on the carriageway that the rider is leaving.

                   5    Turn right into the carriageway that the rider is entering.

Example

Bicycle rider making a hook turn at an intersection without traffic‑control signals

     (4)    If the rider of a bicycle wants to turn right by making a hook turn at an intersection that has a bicycle hook turn storage area on the left side of the intersection as the rider approaches the intersection, the rider must take the following initial 2 steps instead of the initial 2 steps listed in subregulation (3):

                   1    Approach the intersection from the far left side of the carriageway the rider is leaving and enter the intersection by moving into the bicycle hook turn storage area, keeping clear of any marked foot crossing.

                   2    Move forward in the bicycle hook turn storage area until the rider is as near as practicable to the far side of the carriageway that the rider is entering.

              [Regulation 28 amended in Gazette 1 Dec 2000 p. 6753; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4569‑70.]

29.         Bicycle rider making hook turn contrary to sign

             The rider of a bicycle shall not make a hook turn at an intersection if a “no hook turn by bicycles” sign applies to the rider.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

No hook turn by bicycles sign

Division 4U turns

30.         U turns on carriageway

     (1)    A driver shall not make a U turn if a “no U turn” sign applies to the portion of carriageway on or at which he or she intends to make that U turn.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

No U turn signs

No U turn sign
(Standard sign)

(circle and slash in red)

No U turn sign
(Variable illuminated message sign)

(circle and slash illuminated in red)

     (2)    A “no U turn” sign on a carriageway (except a “no U turn” sign at an intersection or at a break in a median strip) applies to the length of carriageway beginning at the sign and ending at the nearer of the following —

                 (a)    the next intersection;

                 (b)    if the carriageway ends at a T‑intersection or dead end — the end of the carriageway.

     (3)    A “no U turn” sign at an intersection or at a break in a median strip applies to that intersection or break when a driver approaches the intersection or median break from the direction in which the sign is facing.

              [Regulation 30 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5819.]

31.         U turns at intersection

     (1)    A driver shall not make a U turn at an intersection without traffic‑control signals if a “no U turn” sign at the intersection applies to that driver.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

No U turn signs

No U turn sign
(Standard sign)

(circle and slash in red)

No U turn sign
(Variable illuminated message sign)

(circle and slash illuminated in red)

     (2)    A driver shall not make a U turn at an intersection with traffic‑control signals unless the U turn is permitted by the traffic‑control signals or there is a “U turn permitted” sign at the intersection that applies to that driver.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

U turn permitted sign

              [Regulation 31 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5819; 18 Sep 2009 p. 3627.]

32.         U turns generally

     (1)    A driver shall not commence a U turn unless —

                 (a)    the turn can be made with safety and without interfering with the movement of other traffic; and

                 (b)    the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A driver making a U turn shall give way to all vehicles and pedestrians.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    A driver making a U turn shall commence the U turn —

                 (a)    if the carriageway where the driver is turning has a dividing line or median strip — from the lane nearest, or as near as practicable, to the dividing line or median strip; or

                 (b)    in any other case — from the left of the centre of the carriageway.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example

Starting a U turn on a two‑way carriageway with a median strip

              [Regulation 32 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5819.]

Division 5Turns from a carriageway to land abutting the carriageway

33.         Turns to enter abutting land

     (1)    A driver who is about to make a left turn from a carriageway, to enter land abutting that carriageway, shall so drive the vehicle that, when it reaches the point at which the turn is to be made, it is —

                 (a)    to the left of any vehicle that is abreast of his or her own and travelling in the same direction; and

                 (b)    as near as practicable to the left edge or boundary of the carriageway.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    Subject to subregulation (3), a driver who is about to make a right turn to enter land abutting a carriageway shall —

                 (a)    where he or she is travelling on a two‑way carriageway, approach the point at which the turn is to be made so that the vehicle is to the left of, parallel with, and as near as practicable to, the centre of the carriageway; and

                 (b)    where he or she is travelling on a one‑way carriageway, approach the point at which the turn is to be made so that the vehicle is parallel with and as near as practicable to, the right boundary of the carriageway.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    Subregulation (2) does not apply where a vehicle is in a marked lane that has a sign alongside or over it or markings on its surface indicating that a right turn shall, or may be, made by vehicles in that lane.

              [Regulation 33 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5819.]

Part 5 Turning and stop signals

34.         Terms used

     (1)    In this Part, a driver is turning left if the driver is doing any of the following:

                 (a)    turning left;

                 (b)    changing lanes to the left;

                 (c)    diverging to the left;

                 (d)    entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, to the left;

                 (e)    moving to the left from a stationary position;

                  (f)    turning left into a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from a median strip parking area;

                 (g)    at a T‑intersection where the continuing road curves to the right — leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road.

     (2)    In this Part, a driver is turning right if the driver is doing any of the following:

                 (a)    turning right;

                 (b)    changing marked lanes to the right;

                 (c)    diverging to the right;

                 (d)    entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, to the right;

                 (e)    moving to the right from a stationary position;

                  (f)    turning right into a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from a median strip parking area;

                 (g)    making a U turn;

                 (h)    at a T‑intersection where the continuing road curves to the left — leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road.

     (3)    In this Part, a rider is not taken to be turning right if the rider is making a hook turn in accordance with regulation 28.

35.         When drivers are to give signals

             A driver shall not turn right or left, or stop or suddenly decrease speed, without giving warning of his or her intentions, by a signal as prescribed by this Part.

              [Regulation 35 amended in Gazette 1 Dec 2000 p. 6753.]

36.         How drivers are to give signals

     (1)    A driver who is required to give a signal of intention to turn right or left, or to drive a public bus out from a bus embayment shall, where the vehicle is equipped with the appropriate flashing light signalling device or illuminated indicator in working order, give the signal by means of that flashing light signalling device or illuminated indicator.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A driver who is required to give a signal of intention to turn right shall, where the vehicle is not equipped with an appropriate flashing light signalling device or illuminated indicator in working order, give the signal —

                 (a)    by means of a hand‑shaped signalling device; or

                 (b)    by fully extending his or her right arm and hand horizontally beyond the right side of the vehicle and approximately at right angles to the centre line of the vehicle.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example

Giving a hand signal for turning (inc. diverging) to the right

     (3)    A rider of a bicycle who is required to give a signal of intention to turn left, shall give a signal by fully extending his or her left arm and hand horizontally beyond the left side of the vehicle and approximately at right angles to the centre line of the vehicle.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (4)    A driver who is required to give a signal of intention to stop or to reduce speed suddenly shall, where the vehicle is equipped with a stop light or lights in working order, give the signal by means of that stop light or those lights.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (5)    A driver who is required to give a signal of intention to stop or to reduce speed suddenly shall, where the vehicle is not equipped with a stop light or lights in working order, give the signal —

                 (a)    by means of a hand‑shaped signalling device; or

                 (b)    by extending his or her right arm beyond the right side of the vehicle with the upper arm horizontal and the forearm and fingers pointing upwards.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example

Giving a hand signal for stopping or reducing speed suddenly

     (6)    Despite subregulation (5), the rider of a motor cycle may give the hand signal to stop or to reduce speed suddenly by extending the left arm and hand at right angles from the left side of the motor cycle, with the upper arm horizontal and the forearm and hand pointing upwards, and with the hand open and the palm facing the direction of travel.

     (7)    Nothing in this regulation —

                 (a)    prevents a driver who complies with subregulation (1) or (4) from also giving the arm and hand signal that he or she would be required to give if the vehicle were not equipped with the appropriate flashing light signalling device, illuminated indicator or stop light or lights as the case may be; or

                 (b)    requires the driver of a vehicle, which is not a bicycle, to give a signal of intention to turn left if the vehicle is not equipped with a flashing light signalling device or illuminated indicator capable of being used to give such a signal.

37.         How long should hand signals be given

     (1)    A driver shall give —

                 (a)    a signal to turn right or left; or

                 (b)    any signal required to be given where a vehicle is not equipped with a flashing light signalling device or illuminated indicator capable of being used to give such a signal,

             for long enough to give sufficient warning to other drivers and pedestrians.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    In addition to subregulation (1), a driver shall give a signal prescribed by this Part, where he or she intends —

                 (a)    to join a line of traffic and the vehicle is stationary at the side of a carriageway, or in a centre of the road parking area — continuously for 5 seconds before pulling out; and

                 (b)    to stop or suddenly reduce speed — while the brakes are being applied; and

                 (c)    to drive a public bus away from a bus embayment or from the side of a carriageway — for at least 5 seconds.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

38.         Use of signalling devices

     (1)    A driver shall not permit a signalling device to be operated, except for the purpose of giving a signal in accordance with the provisions of these regulations (including operation as part of the vehicle’s hazard warning lights).

              Modified penalty: 1 PU

     (2)    A driver shall not permit a signalling device on the vehicle to remain in operation after the completion of the turn in respect of which the device was put into operation.

              Modified penalty: 1 PU

Part 6Traffic‑control signals (traffic lights and twin alternating red lights)

Division 1Obeying traffic‑control signals (traffic lights)

39.         Effect of circular green signal or green arrow

     (1)    If a traffic‑control signal facing a driver displays a circular green signal the driver may —

                 (a)    proceed straight ahead; or

                 (b)    turn right or turn left, if the driver —

                              (i)    does not conflict or interfere with pedestrians crossing the roadway; and

                             (ii)    does not turn the vehicle contrary to an instruction on a traffic sign at the intersection; and

                            (iii)    gives way to any vehicle on the right and, if turning right, gives way to any vehicle that has entered or is approaching the intersection from the opposite direction.

              Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (2)    The display of a green arrow on a traffic‑control signal is a direction to a driver facing it that opposing traffic has been stopped to enable him or her to proceed, or that traffic does not conflict with his or her proceeding, in the direction indicated by the arrow; and, where the arrow has not come into operation, the display of a circular green signal, alone, is a direction to a driver facing it that he or she may make the turn that would otherwise be indicated by the arrow, but only if the movement can be made with safety, in the face of oncoming traffic.

40.         Stopping for circular red signal or red arrow

     (1)    If a traffic‑control signal facing a driver displays a circular red signal —

                 (a)    subject to regulations 42 and 43, if there is a stop line at or near the signal, the driver shall stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line and shall not proceed beyond the stop line; or

                 (b)    if there is a “stop here on red signal” sign at or near the signal, but no stop line, the driver shall stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the sign and shall not proceed beyond the sign; or

                 (c)    in the absence of a stop line, the driver —

                              (i)    shall stop as near as practicable to but before reaching the nearest appropriate traffic‑control signal and shall not proceed beyond the signal; and

                             (ii)    shall not enter a marked foot crossing.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Stop here on red signal sign

(writing and edging in red)

             Example for subregulation (1)(a)

Stopping at a stop here on red signal sign on a road the driver is entering

     (2)    If a traffic‑control signal facing a driver displays a red arrow signal —

                 (a)    subject to regulation 43, if there is a stop line at or near the signal, the driver shall stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line and shall not proceed beyond the stop line; or

                 (b)    if there is a “stop here on red arrow” sign at or near the signal, but no stop line, the driver shall stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the sign and shall not proceed beyond the sign; or

                 (c)    in the absence of a stop line, the driver —

                              (i)    shall stop as near as practicable to but before reaching the nearest appropriate traffic‑control signal and shall not proceed beyond the signal; and

                             (ii)    shall not enter a marked foot crossing,

             as the case may be, in the direction indicated by the arrow.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Stop here on red arrow sign

(writing and edging in red)

     (3)    If there is a bicycle storage area before any traffic‑control signal referred to in subregulation (1) or (2), a reference to the stop line in subregulation (1)(a) or (2)(a) —

                 (a)    in the case of a driver of a motor vehicle, is a reference to the first stop line that the driver comes to, or came to, in approaching the signal;

                 (b)    in the case of a rider of a bicycle, is a reference to the stop line that is nearest to the intersection.

              [Regulation 40 inserted in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4570‑3.]

41A.      Motor vehicles not to enter bicycle storage area

     (1)    If there is a bicycle storage area before a traffic‑control signal that is showing a circular red signal, the driver of a motor vehicle shall not allow any part of the vehicle to enter the bicycle storage area.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    If there is a bicycle storage area before a traffic‑control signal that is showing a red arrow signal, and the driver of a motor vehicle is turning in the direction indicated by that arrow, the driver shall not allow any part of the vehicle to enter the bicycle storage area.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

              [Regulation 41A inserted in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4573.]

41.         Stopping for circular yellow signal or yellow arrow

     (1)    If a traffic‑control signal facing a driver displays a steady circular yellow signal or a yellow arrow, the driver shall not proceed beyond the stop line associated with the signal or the stop line of the lane associated with the signal or in the absence of a stop line, at a point adjacent to the nearest appropriate traffic‑control signal, unless the driver is so close to the stop line, or traffic‑control signal, when the circular yellow signal or yellow arrow first appears, that the driver cannot safely stop the vehicle before passing over the stop line.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    If a traffic‑control signal facing a driver displays a steady circular yellow signal or a yellow arrow and the driver cannot safely stop the vehicle in accordance with subregulation (1), but can stop safely before entering the intersection, the driver shall stop before entering the intersection.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    If a traffic‑control signal facing a driver displays a steady circular yellow signal or a yellow arrow and the driver is not able to stop safely under subregulation (1) or (2), and enters the intersection, the driver shall leave the intersection as soon as the driver can do so safely.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (4)    If there is a bicycle storage area before a traffic‑control signal referred to in subregulation (1), a reference to the stop line —

                 (a)    in the case of a driver of a motor vehicle, is a reference to the first stop line that the driver comes to, or came to, in approaching the signal;

                 (b)    in the case of a rider of a bicycle, is a reference to the stop line that is nearest to the intersection.

              [Regulation 41 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5819; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4573‑4.]

42.         Green arrow with red or yellow signal, effect of

             If a traffic‑control signal facing a driver displays a green arrow, in conjunction with a circular red or yellow signal, the driver may proceed, but only in the direction indicated by the arrow.

43.         Turning left on red signal

             Despite regulation 40, a driver may turn left at an intersection —

                 (a)    at which there is a traffic‑control signal facing the driver and displaying a circular red signal, alone; and

                 (b)    at or near which there is a “left turn on red permitted after stopping” sign,

             if —

                 (c)    before starting to make the turn, the driver —

                              (i)    stops the vehicle as near as possible to, but without passing over, the stop line associated with the traffic‑control signal; or

                             (ii)    in the absence of a stop line, stops the vehicle, without entering the intersection, at a point adjacent to the nearest appropriate traffic‑control signal;

                         and

                 (d)    the driver can make the turn with safety.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Left turn on red after stopping sign

44.         What to do if signals change when intersection congested etc.

     (1)    This regulation applies to a driver —

                 (a)    if a traffic‑control signal facing the driver displays a circular green signal at an intersection and the driver has stopped after the stop line, “stop here on red signal” sign, or nearest or only traffic lights, at the intersection; or

                 (b)    if a traffic‑control signal facing the driver at an intersection displays a green traffic arrow and the driver is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow but the driver has stopped after the stop line, “stop here on red arrow” sign, or nearest or only traffic arrows, at the intersection.

     (2)    Subject to this regulation, if the traffic‑control signals change to yellow or red while a driver is stopped and the driver has not fully entered the intersection, the driver shall not begin to enter the intersection, or proceed further into the intersection.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (3)    Despite subregulation (2) —

                 (a)    if the traffic‑control signals are at an intersection with a “left turn on red after stopping” sign and the driver is turning left at the intersection, the driver may turn left after stopping;

                 (b)    if a traffic‑control signal facing the driver at an intersection changes, to display a circular red signal, but a green traffic arrow is also displayed and the driver is turning in the direction indicated by the arrow, the driver may continue to turn in the direction of the arrow if safe to do so.

     (4)    If the traffic‑control signals change to yellow or red while the driver is stopped and the driver has fully entered the intersection, the driver shall leave the intersection as soon as the driver can do so safely.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

              [Regulation 44 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5819.]

Division 2Giving way at traffic‑control signals (traffic lights)

45.         Right of way during turns at intersection with traffic‑control signals

     (1)    A driver who intends to turn, is turning or has turned, right at an intersection with traffic‑control signals shall give way to any oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead or turning left at the intersection (except a vehicle turning left using a slip lane).

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (2)    A driver who intends to turn, is turning or has turned, left at an intersection with traffic‑control signals and a “left turn on red after stopping” sign shall give way to any vehicle approaching from the right, turning right at the intersection into the carriageway the driver is entering or making a U turn at the intersection.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (3)    A driver turning to the right or left (except a driver turning left using a slip lane) at an intersection with traffic‑control signals shall give way to all pedestrians who are crossing the carriageway, or part of the carriageway, the driver is entering.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Examples

Example 1

Giving way to a pedestrian on the carriageway the driver is entering

Example 2

Driver turning right giving way to an oncoming vehicle going straight ahead

Example 3

Driver turning right does not have to give way to an oncoming vehicle that is turning left into the carriageway the driver is entering using a slip lane

     (4)    Subregulation (1) does not apply to a driver turning right at an intersection in accordance with a green traffic arrow.

              [Regulation 45 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4574; 19 Nov 2010 p. 5750.]

46.         Giving way at intersection with traffic‑control signals not operating or only partly operating

     (1)    If all the traffic‑control signals facing a driver approaching an intersection do not appear to be functioning, or are displaying a flashing yellow signal, and there is a traffic light‑stop sign, the driver shall treat that intersection as if the driver were facing a “stop” sign and no traffic‑control signals under regulation 50.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Traffic light‑stop sign

(background in red)

     (2)    If all the traffic‑control signals facing a driver approaching an intersection do not appear to be functioning, or display a flashing yellow signal and there is no traffic light‑stop sign facing the driver, the driver shall treat that intersection as if the driver were at an intersection under regulation 55 or a T‑intersection under regulation 56, as the case requires, that is not controlled by traffic‑control signals or does not have a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign, or give way line that applies to the driver.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (3)    Despite subregulations (1) and (2), a driver may only proceed beyond the stop line associated with traffic‑control signals facing a driver that do not appear to be functioning, or display flashing yellow signals, or (in the absence of a stop line) beyond a point adjacent to the nearest signals, if the driver —

               [(a)    deleted]

                 (b)    does not turn the vehicle contrary to an instruction on a traffic sign at the intersection; and

               [(c)    deleted]

                 (d)    complies with any direction by a member of the Police Force, if a member of the Police Force is in attendance regulating traffic.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (4)    Subregulation (3) does not apply if the intersection is a roundabout.

              [Regulation 46 amended in Gazette 8 Feb 2008 p. 316-17; 4 Jun 2010 p. 2398.]

47.         Giving way at flashing yellow traffic arrow at intersection

             A driver turning in the direction indicated by a flashing yellow traffic arrow at an intersection with traffic‑control signals shall give way to —

                 (a)    any vehicle travelling on the carriageway the driver is entering; and

                 (b)    any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the carriageway the driver is entering; and

                 (c)    if the driver is turning right — any oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead or turning left at the intersection (except a vehicle turning left using a slip lane).

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

              [Regulation 47 amended in Gazette 19 Nov 2010 p. 5750.]

48.         Giving way at crossing (other than at intersection) with flashing yellow traffic‑control signal

             If a driver is approaching or at a marked foot crossing (except at or near an intersection) with a flashing yellow traffic‑control signal at the crossing, the driver shall —

                 (a)    give way to any pedestrian on the crossing; and

                 (b)    not obstruct any pedestrian on the crossing; and

                 (c)    not pass a vehicle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver and is stopping, or has stopped, to give way at the crossing.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

              [Regulation 48 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5819.]

Division 3Twin alternating red lights

49.         Stopping for twin alternating red lights (except at level crossings)

     (1)    If a driver is approaching or at a traffic‑control signal displaying twin alternating red lights (other than at a level crossing) and there is a stop line at or near the lights and the driver can stop safely before reaching the stop line, the driver shall stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the stop line.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (2)    If a driver is approaching or at a traffic‑control signal displaying twin alternating red lights (other than at a level crossing) and there is no stop line at or near the lights and the driver can stop safely before reaching the lights, the driver shall stop as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the lights.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (3)    If a driver stops for a traffic‑control signal displaying twin alternating red lights, the driver shall not proceed until the lights are not showing.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Part 7Giving way

Division 1Places with a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver

50.         Stopping and giving way at stop sign or stop line at intersection without traffic‑control signals

     (1)    This regulation does not apply to a driver approaching or at an intersection if the intersection is controlled by traffic‑control signals.

     (2)    A driver approaching or at an intersection with a “stop” sign or stop line shall stop as near as practicable to, but —

                 (a)    before reaching the stop line; or

                 (b)    if there is no stop line — before entering the intersection.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Stop sign

(background in red)

     (3)    A driver approaching or at an intersection with a “stop” sign or stop line shall give way to a vehicle in, entering or approaching the intersection except —

                 (a)    an oncoming vehicle turning right at the intersection, if a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle; or

                 (b)    a vehicle turning left at the intersection using a slip lane; or

                 (c)    a vehicle making a U turn.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (4)    If a driver at an intersection with a “stop” sign or stop line is turning left or right or making a U turn, the driver shall also give way to any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the carriageway, or part of the carriageway, the driver is entering.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (5)    If a driver at an intersection is turning left using a slip lane with a “stop” sign or stop line, the driver shall give way to any pedestrian on the slip lane.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (6)    In this regulation, an oncoming vehicle travelling through a T‑intersection on the continuing carriageway is taken not to be turning.

Examples

Example 1

Stop line

Example 2

Stopping and giving way at a stop sign to a vehicle on the right

In example 2, vehicle B must stop and give way to vehicle A.

              [Regulation 50 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4574; 19 Nov 2010 p. 5751.]

51.         Stopping and giving way at stop sign or stop line at other places

     (1)    This regulation does not apply to a driver if the driver is approaching or at an intersection, children’s crossing, level crossing, or a place with twin alternating red lights.

     (2)    A driver approaching or at a place with a “stop” sign or stop line shall stop as near as practicable to, but —

                 (a)    before reaching the stop line; or

                 (b)    if there is no stop line — before entering the intersection.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (3)    A driver approaching or at a place with a “stop” sign or stop line shall give way to any vehicle or pedestrian at or near the “stop” sign or stop line.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Examples

Example 1

Stopping and giving way at a stop sign at a break in a dividing strip

Example 2

Stopping and giving way at a stop sign where a carpark exit joins a carriageway

                  In each example, vehicle B must stop and give way to vehicle A.

              [Regulation 51 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4575.]

52.         Giving way at give way sign or give way line at intersection

     (1)    A driver at an intersection with a “give way” sign or give way line shall give way to a vehicle in, entering or approaching the intersection except —

                 (a)    an oncoming vehicle turning right at the intersection, if a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle; or

                 (b)    a vehicle turning left at the intersection using a slip lane; or

                 (c)    a vehicle making a U turn.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Give way sign

(triangle in red)

     (2)    If a driver at an intersection with a “give way” sign or give way line is turning left or right or making a U turn, the driver shall give way to any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the carriageway, or part of the carriageway, the driver is entering.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (3)    If a driver at an intersection is turning left using a slip lane with a “give way” sign or give way line, the driver shall give way to any pedestrian on the slip lane.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (4)    In this regulation, an oncoming vehicle travelling through a T‑intersection on the continuing carriageway is taken not to be turning.

Examples

Example 1

Give way line

Example 2

Giving way at a give way sign to a vehicle on the right

In example 2, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

Example 3

Driver turning right at a give way line does not have to give way to a vehicle turning left using a slip lane

In example 3, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

              [Regulation 52 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4575; 19 Nov 2010 p. 5751.]

53.         Giving way at give way sign at bridge or length of narrow carriageway

             The driver of a vehicle approaching a bridge or length of narrow carriageway with a “give way” sign shall give way to any oncoming vehicle that is on the bridge or length of carriageway when the driver reaches the sign.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Examples

Example 1

Giving way at a bridge

Example 2

Giving way at a length of narrow carriageway

                  In each example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

54.         Giving way at give way sign or give way line at other places

     (1)    This regulation does not apply to a driver if the driver is approaching or at an intersection, children’s crossing, level crossing, or a place with twin alternating red lights.

     (2)    A driver approaching or at a place with a “give way” sign or give way line shall give way to any vehicle or pedestrian at or near the “give way” sign or give way line.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Examples

Example 1

Giving way at a give way sign at a break in a dividing strip

Example 2

Giving way at a give way sign where a bicycle path meets a carriageway

                  In example 1, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

                  In example 2, the motor vehicle must give way to the bicycle.

Division 2Giving way at an intersection without traffic‑control signals or a stop sign, stop line, give way sign or give way line applying to the driver

55.         Giving way at intersection (except T‑intersection or roundabout)

     (1)    This regulation does not apply to a driver at a T‑intersection or roundabout, or at an intersection controlled by traffic‑control signals or with a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign, or give way line that applies to that driver.

     (2)    If a driver at an intersection is going straight ahead, the driver shall give way to any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Examples

Example 1

Driver going straight ahead giving way to a vehicle on the right that is going straight ahead

Example 2

Driver going straight ahead giving way to a vehicle on the right that is turning right

                  In each example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

     (3)    If a driver at an intersection is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane), the driver shall give way to —

                 (a)    any vehicle approaching from the right, unless a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle; and

                 (b)    any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the carriageway the driver is entering.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Examples

Example 3

Driver turning left giving way to a vehicle on the right that is going straight ahead

Example 4

Driver turning left giving way to a pedestrian on the carriageway the driver is entering

                  In example 3, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

                  In example 4, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.

     (4)    If a driver at an intersection is turning left using a slip lane, the driver shall give way to any vehicle approaching from the right or turning right at the intersection into the carriageway the driver is entering (except a vehicle making a U turn at the intersection).

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (5)    If a driver at an intersection is turning left using a slip lane, the driver shall give way to any pedestrian on the slip lane.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Example

Example 5

Driver turning left using a slip lane giving way to a vehicle
that is turning right into the carriageway the driver is entering

                  In this example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

     (6)    If a driver at an intersection is turning right, the driver shall give way to —

                 (a)    any vehicle approaching from the right unless a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign or give way line applies to the driver of the approaching vehicle; and

                 (b)    any oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead or turning left at the intersection unless —

                              (i)    a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign, or give way line applies to the driver of the oncoming vehicle; or

                             (ii)    the oncoming vehicle is turning left using a slip lane;

                         and

                 (c)    any pedestrian at or near the intersection who is crossing the carriageway the driver is entering.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Examples

Example 6

Driver turning right giving way to a vehicle on the right that is turning right into the carriageway the driver is leaving

Example 7

Driver turning right giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead on the carriageway the driver is leaving

                  In examples 6 and 7, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

Example 8

Driver turning right giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is turning left into the carriageway the driver is entering

Example 9

Driver turning right giving way to a pedestrian on the carriageway the driver is entering

                  In example 8, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

                  In example 9, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.

              [Regulation 55 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4575; 19 Nov 2010 p. 5751.]

56.         Giving way at T‑intersection

     (1)    This regulation applies to a driver at a T‑intersection that is not controlled by traffic‑control signals, or does not have a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign, or give way line, that applies to that driver.

     (2)    If a driver at a T‑intersection is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane), or right, from the terminating road into the continuing road, the driver shall give way to —

                 (a)    any vehicle travelling on the continuing road (except a vehicle making a U turn on the terminating road at the intersection); and

                 (b)    any pedestrian who is crossing the continuing road at or near the intersection.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Examples

Example 1

Driver turning right from the terminating road giving way to a vehicle on the continuing road

Example 2

Driver turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the terminating road giving way to a pedestrian on the continuing road

                  In example 1, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

                  In example 2, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.

     (3)    If a driver at a T‑intersection is turning left from the terminating road into the continuing road using a slip lane, the driver shall give way to —

                 (a)    any vehicle travelling on the continuing road (except a vehicle making a U turn on the continuing road at the intersection); and

                 (b)    any pedestrian on the slip lane.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (4)    If a driver at a T‑intersection is turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the continuing road into the terminating road, the driver shall give way to any pedestrian who is crossing the terminating road at or near the intersection.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Example

Example 3

Driver turning left (except if the driver is using a slip lane) from the continuing road giving way to a pedestrian on the terminating road

                  In this example, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.

     (5)    If a driver at a T‑intersection is turning from the continuing road into the terminating road using a slip lane, the driver shall give way to —

                 (a)    any vehicle approaching from the right (except a vehicle making a U turn on the terminating road at the intersection); and

                 (b)    any pedestrian on the slip lane.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (6)    If a driver at a T‑intersection is turning right from the continuing road into the terminating road, the driver shall give way to —

                 (a)    any oncoming vehicle that is travelling through the intersection on the continuing road or turning left at the intersection; and

                 (b)    any pedestrian who is crossing the terminating road at or near the intersection.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (7)    In this regulation —

              turning left from the continuing road into the terminating road, for a driver, includes, where the continuing road curves to the right at a T‑intersection, leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road;

              turning right from the continuing road into the terminating road, for a driver, includes, where the continuing road curves to the left at a T‑intersection, leaving the continuing road to proceed straight ahead onto the terminating road.

Examples

Example 4

Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to an oncoming vehicle travelling through the intersection on the
continuing road

Example 5

Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to an oncoming vehicle travelling through the intersection on the
continuing road

                  Example 5 shows a T‑intersection where the continuing road (which is marked with broken white lines) goes around a corner. Vehicle B is leaving the continuing road to enter the terminating road. In examples 4 and 5, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

Example 6

Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to an oncoming vehicle turning left from the continuing road

Example 7

Driver turning right from the continuing road giving way to a pedestrian on the terminating road

                  In example 6, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

                  In example 7, the vehicle must give way to the pedestrian.

              [Regulation 56 amended in Gazette 8 Feb 2008 p. 317; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4575‑6; 19 Nov 2010 p. 5751.]

Division 3Entering or leaving land abutting a carriageway or road

57.         Giving way when entering carriageway from land abutting carriageway or road

     (1)    A driver entering a carriageway from land abutting the carriageway, without a traffic‑control signal or a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign or give way line, shall give way to —

                 (a)    any vehicle travelling on the carriageway or turning into the carriageway (except a vehicle turning right into the carriageway from land abutting the carriageway); and

                 (b)    any pedestrian on the carriageway; and

                 (c)    any vehicle or pedestrian on any land abutting the carriageway (including a path) that the driver crosses to enter the carriageway.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

             Example

Driver entering a carriageway from land abutting the carriageway giving way to a pedestrian on the footpath and a vehicle on the carriageway

In this example, vehicle B must give way to the pedestrian on the footpath and to vehicle A.

   [(2)    omitted under the Reprints Act 1984 s. 7(4)(e)]

              [Regulation 57 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5819.]

58.         Giving way when entering land abutting carriageway or road from carriageway

             A driver entering land abutting a carriageway or road from a place on a carriageway without a traffic‑control signal or a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign or give way line, shall give way to —

                 (a)    any pedestrian on the carriageway; and

                 (b)    any vehicle or pedestrian on any land abutting the carriageway that the driver crosses or enters; and

                 (c)    if the driver is turning right from the carriageway — any oncoming vehicle on the carriageway that is going straight ahead or turning left; and

                 (d)    if the carriageway the driver is leaving ends at a T‑intersection opposite the land abutting the carriageway and the driver is crossing the continuing road — any vehicle on the continuing road.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

             Examples

Example 1

Driver turning right from a carriageway into land abutting a carriageway giving way to an oncoming vehicle that is going straight ahead and to a pedestrian on the footpath

Example 2

Driver crossing a continuing road at a T‑intersection to enter land abutting a carriageway giving way to a vehicle on the continuing road

In each example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A. In example 1, vehicle B must also give way to the pedestrian on the footpath.

              [Regulation 58 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5819.]

Division 4Keeping clear of and giving way to particular vehicles

59.         Giving way to public buses

     (1)    A driver driving on a length of carriageway in a built‑up area, in the left lane or left line of traffic, shall give way to a public bus in front of the driver if —

                 (a)    the public bus has stopped, or is moving slowly at the far left side of the carriageway, or in a bus embayment; and

                 (b)    the right indicator lights of the public bus are operating; and

                 (c)    the public bus is about to enter or proceed in the lane or line of traffic in which the driver is driving; and

                 (d)    the public bus is displaying a “give way to buses” sign.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    In this regulation —

              left lane, of a carriageway, means —

                 (a)    the marked lane nearest to the far left side of the carriageway (the first lane) or, if the first lane is a bicycle lane, the marked lane next to the first lane; or

                 (b)    if there is an obstruction in the first lane (for example, a parked car or roadworks) and the first lane is not a bicycle lane — the marked lane next to the first lane;

              left line of traffic, for a carriageway, means the line of traffic nearest to the far left side of the carriageway;

              public bus includes buses of a type, class, or function approved by the Director General for the purposes of this regulation.

Give way to buses sign

(bus, arrow and edging in green, bus indicator

in yellow, words and car in red)

                  Note   This sign may be displayed on public buses.

60.         Keeping clear of police and emergency vehicles

     (1)    A driver shall give way to, and make every reasonable effort to give a clear and uninterrupted passage to, every police or emergency vehicle that is displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm.

              Points: 4         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (2)    This regulation applies to a driver despite any other regulation that would otherwise require the driver of a police or emergency vehicle to give way to the driver.

Division 5Crossings and shared zones

61.         Children’s crossings

     (1)    A driver approaching a children’s crossing shall drive at a speed at which the driver can, if necessary, stop safely before the crossing.

              Modified penalty: 1 PU

     (2)    A driver shall stop the vehicle before it reaches a children’s crossing, if a “children crossing ‑ stop” sign is displayed to face approaching drivers; and shall not permit any portion of the vehicle to enter upon the children’s crossing, while any pedestrian is on it or while the sign is displayed.

              Points: 4         Modified penalty: 4 PU

Children crossing — stop sign

(octagonal background in red)

(square background in lime/yellow)

     (3)    A driver shall not enter upon, or attempt to cross, a children’s crossing if the carriageway beyond it is blocked.

              Modified penalty: 1 PU

             Examples

The carriageway beyond the crossing may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by a fallen load on the carriageway.

     (4)    Where there is a stop line on the approach side of a children’s crossing, any stop made under the provisions of this regulation, shall be made before reaching, and as nearly as practicable to, the stop line.

     (5)    For the purposes of subregulation (2), if a children’s crossing extends across a road with a median strip, the part of the children’s crossing on each side of the median strip is taken to be a separate children’s crossing.

              [Regulation 61 amended in Gazette 8 Feb 2008 p. 317.]

62.         Pedestrian crossings

     (1)    A driver approaching a pedestrian crossing shall drive at a speed at which the driver can, if necessary, stop safely before the crossing.

              Modified penalty: 1 PU

     (2)    A driver shall give way to a pedestrian who is on a pedestrian crossing.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 4 PU

             Examples

Example 1

Giving way to a pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing

Example 2

Giving way to a pedestrian on a pedestrian crossing at a slip lane

                  In each of these examples, the driver must give way to the pedestrian on the crossing.

     (3)    A driver shall stop the vehicle before it reaches a pedestrian crossing if a “children crossing – stop” sign is displayed to face approaching drivers, and shall not permit any portion of the vehicle to enter upon the pedestrian crossing while any pedestrian is on it or while the sign is displayed.

              Points: 4         Modified penalty: 4 PU

Children crossing — stop sign

(octagonal background in red)

(square background in lime/yellow)

     (4)    A driver shall not enter upon, or attempt to cross, a pedestrian crossing if the carriageway beyond it is blocked.

              Modified penalty: 1 PU

             Examples

                  The carriageway beyond the crossing may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by a fallen load on the carriageway.

              [Regulation 62 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820; 8 Feb 2008 p. 317.]

63.         Overtaking or passing vehicle at children’s crossing or pedestrian crossing

             A driver approaching a children’s crossing or a pedestrian crossing shall not overtake or pass a vehicle that is travelling in the same direction as the driver and is stopping, or has stopped, to give way to a pedestrian at the crossing.

              Points: 4         Modified penalty: 4 PU

             Example

Driver must not pass a vehicle that has stopped to
give way to a pedestrian at a pedestrian crossing

                  In the example, vehicle A has stopped to give way to a pedestrian on the crossing. Vehicle B must not overtake or pass vehicle A.

64.         Giving way to pedestrians in shared zone

             A driver in a shared zone shall give way to any pedestrian in the zone.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 4 PU

Division 6Other give way requirements

65.         Giving way when driving through break in median strip

             If a driver drives through a break in a median strip that has no “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign or give way line, the driver shall give way to any vehicle travelling on the part of the carriageway the driver is entering (except a vehicle to which a “stop” sign, stop line, “give way” sign, or give way line, applies).

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

             Examples

Example 1

Giving way when driving through a break in a median strip

Example 2

Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip to leave a service road

Example 3

Giving way when driving through a break in a dividing strip to enter a service road

                  In each of the examples, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

66.         Giving way on painted island

             A driver entering a turning lane from a painted island shall give way to —

                 (a)    any vehicle in the turning lane; or

                 (b)    if the turning lane and painted island are nearest to the far left side of the road — any vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane, or line of traffic, immediately to the right of the turning lane; or

                 (c)    if the turning lane and painted island are nearest to the dividing line or median strip on the road or the far right side of the road — any vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane, or line of traffic, immediately to the left of the turning lane.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Example 1

Driver entering a turning lane from a painted island giving way to a vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane immediately to the right of the turning lane

Example 2

Driver entering a turning lane from a painted island giving way to a vehicle entering the turning lane from the marked lane immediately to the left of the turning lane

test2 for dave

             In the examples, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

              [Regulation 66 inserted in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4576‑8.]

67.         Giving way in median turning bay

             A driver entering a median turning bay shall give way to any oncoming vehicle already in the turning bay.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

             Example

Giving way in a median turning bay

                  In the example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

Median turning lane sign

                  Note   There is another permitted version of the median turning lane sign.

              [Regulation 67 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820.]

68.         Giving way when moving from boundary of carriageway, or parking area on or in median strip

     (1)    A driver entering a marked lane, or a line of traffic, from the boundary of a carriageway shall give way to any vehicle travelling in the lane or line of traffic.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (2)    Despite subregulation (1), the driver of a public bus does not have to give way to a vehicle if —

                 (a)    the driver of the vehicle is required to give way to the public bus under regulation 59; and

                 (b)    it is safe for the public bus to enter the lane or line of traffic in which the vehicle is driving.

     (3)    A driver turning from a median strip parking area into a marked lane, or a line of traffic, shall give way to any vehicle travelling in the lane or line of traffic.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

              [Regulation 68 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820.]

Part 8Traffic signs and road markings

Division 1Traffic signs and road markings at intersections and other places

              [Heading amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4578

69.         Left turn only signs

     (1)    Where a carriageway at an approach to an intersection has a “left turn only” sign by the side of it, or over it, a driver entering the intersection from that carriageway shall only turn left.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    Where a marked lane at an approach to an intersection has a “left lane must turn left” sign by the side of, or over, the lane, a driver entering the intersection from that lane shall only turn left.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Left turn only sign

Left lane must turn left sign

                  Note    There is another permitted version of each of these signs.

70.         Right turn only signs

     (1)    Where a carriageway at an approach to an intersection has a “right turn only” sign by the side of it, or over it, a driver entering the intersection from that carriageway shall only turn right.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    Where a marked lane at an approach to an intersection has a “right lane must turn right” sign by the side of, or over, the lane, a driver entering the intersection from that lane shall only turn right.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    Where a driver is subject to either a “right turn only” sign, or a “right lane must turn right” sign, the driver shall not make a U turn.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Right turn only sign

Right lane must turn right sign

                  Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of the “right turn only” sign, and another permitted version of the “right lane must turn right” sign.

71.         No turns signs

             If there is a “no turns” sign at an intersection, a driver shall not turn left or right, or make a U turn, at the intersection.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

No turns sign

72.         No left turn and no right turn signs

     (1)    If there is a “no left turn” sign at an intersection, or another place on a road, a driver shall not turn left at the intersection or place.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    If there is a “no right turn” sign at an intersection, or another place on a road, a driver shall not turn right and, unless there is a “U turn permitted” sign, shall not make a U turn at the intersection or place.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

No left turn signs

No left turn sign
(Standard sign)

(circle and slash in red)

No left turn sign
(Variable illuminated message sign)

(circle and slash illuminated in red)

No right turn signs

No right turn sign
(Standard sign)

(circle and slash in red)

No right turn sign
(Variable illuminated message sign)

(circle and slash illuminated in red)

No right turn sign

(letters illuminated in white)

                  Note   There is another permitted version of each of the “no left turn” signs and a number of other permitted versions of the “no right turn” signs.

U turn permitted sign

              [Regulation 72 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4579.]

73.         Traffic lane arrows

     (1)    Subject to subregulation (2), if a driver is driving in a marked lane at an intersection and there are traffic lane arrows applying to the lane, the driver shall —

                 (a)    if the arrows indicate a single direction — drive in that direction; or

                 (b)    if the arrows indicate 2 or more directions — drive in one of those directions.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    Subregulation (1) does not apply to a driver if —

                 (a)    the intersection is a roundabout; or

                 (b)    traffic lane arrows indicate a direction to the right (whether or not they also indicate another direction) and the driver is making a U turn at the intersection; or

                 (c)    a traffic sign indicates that a driver of a particular type of vehicle, or in stated circumstances, may drive in a direction different to that indicated by the traffic lane arrows; or

                 (d)    the driver is driving in the direction indicated by traffic lane arrows that apply to one or more marked lanes and there is an obstruction in each of those lanes; or

                 (e)    the driver is turning at an intersection in accordance with regulation 21(2) or 26(2).

             Examples

Example 1

Traffic lane arrows on the surface of marked lanes

Example 2

Traffic lane arrows on a traffic sign

     (3)    The existence of a bicycle storage area in a marked lane does not alter a driver’s obligation to comply with subregulation (1).

              [Regulation 73 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4579‑80.]

Division 2Traffic signs and road markings generally

74.         No overtaking or passing signs

     (1)    Where a “no overtaking or passing” sign is erected to face an approaching driver, the driver shall not —

                 (a)    pass the sign while any vehicle travelling in the opposite direction is on the length of carriageway to which the sign applies; or

                 (b)    while on the length of carriageway to which the sign applies, overtake or pass a vehicle travelling in the same direction.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A “no overtaking or passing” sign on a carriageway applies to the length of carriageway (including a length of carriageway on a bridge) beginning at the sign and ending —

                 (a)    if information on or with the sign indicates a distance — at that distance past the sign; or

                 (b)    if the sign applies to a bridge — at the end of the bridge; or

                 (c)    at an “end no overtaking or passing” sign on the carriageway.

No overtaking or passing sign

End no overtaking or passing sign

75.         No overtaking on bridge sign

             Where a “no overtaking on bridge” sign is erected near a bridge to face an approaching driver, then the driver shall not overtake a vehicle, while between the sign and the far end of the bridge.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

No overtaking on bridge sign

Note   There is another permitted version of this sign.

76.         Emergency stopping lane only signs

             The driver of a vehicle (other than a bicycle) shall not drive in a lane to which an “emergency stopping lane only” sign applies unless the driver needs to drive in the emergency stopping lane to avoid a collision, to stop in the lane in accordance with regulation 150, or because the driver’s vehicle is disabled.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Emergency stopping lane only sign

77.         Keep clear markings

             A driver shall not stop on an area of a carriageway marked with a keep clear marking.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

             Examples

Example 1

Keep clear marking bounded by line road markings

Example 2

Keep clear marking with no line road markings

              [Regulation 77 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820.]

78.         Road access signs

     (1)    A person shall not drive on a length of road to which a “road access” sign applies if information on or with the sign indicates that the person or the person’s vehicle is not permitted beyond the sign.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A “road access” sign applies to the length of road beginning at the sign (including any road into which the length of road merges) and ending —

                 (a)    if the sign is on a freeway or on a road leading to a freeway — at an “end freeway” sign or “end road access” sign on the road; or

                 (b)    if the sign is on any other road — at the nearer of the following:

                              (i)    if the road ends at a T‑intersection or dead end — the end of the road;

                             (ii)    an “end road access” sign on the road.

Road access sign

End freeway sign

(background in green)

End road access sign

                  Note 1   There are a number of other permitted versions of the “road access” sign and the “end freeway” sign.

                  Note 2   A “road access” sign may indicate that it applies to different or additional vehicles or persons.

              [Regulation 78 amended in Gazette 13 Jul 2001 p. 3473; 23 Sep 2003 p. 4167; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4580‑1.]

79.         Further restrictions on freeways

     (1)    In addition to regulation 78, a person shall not on any portion of a freeway —

                 (a)    drive a tractor, other than the prime mover type, unless the vehicle is used by an authorised body for maintenance and construction work on that road; or

                 (b)    drive or ride a moped or an animal; or

                 (c)    ride a bicycle, except on a path; or

                 (d)    walk, other than on a footpath, separated footpath or shared path (except in the event of an emergency or breakdown, or to assist a person apparently in need of assistance); or

                 (e)    drive a vehicle with an oversized load unless permitted to do so under the Act.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    In subregulation (1) —

              moped means a motor cycle that has a propelling engine having a piston displacement not exceeding 50 mL and that is designed so as not to be capable of a speed exceeding 50 km/h, whether or not it is also capable of being propelled as a pedal cycle, but does not include a power assisted pedal cycle.

              [Regulation 79 amended in Gazette 13 Jul 2001 p. 3473; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4581‑2.]

80.         One‑way signs

     (1)    A driver shall not drive on a carriageway to which a “one‑way” sign applies, except in the direction indicated by the arrow on the sign.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A “one‑way” sign applies to the length of carriageway beginning at the sign and ending at the nearer of the following —

                 (a)    a “two‑way” sign on the carriageway; or

                 (b)    a “keep left” sign on the carriageway; or

                 (c)    another sign or road marking on the carriageway that indicates that the carriageway is a two‑way carriageway; or

                 (d)    if the carriageway ends at a T‑intersection — the end of the carriageway.

One‑way sign

Two‑way sign

Keep left sign

                  Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of the “one‑way” sign and another permitted version of the “two‑way” sign .

                  Note   A “one‑way” sign may have an arrow pointing in a different direction.

81.         Keep left and keep right signs

     (1)    Where a “keep left” sign is erected to face an approaching driver, a driver shall pass to the left of that sign.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    Where a “keep right” sign is erected to face an approaching driver, a driver shall pass to the right of that sign.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Keep left sign

Keep right sign

                  Note   There is another permitted version of the “keep right” sign.

82.         No entry signs

             Where a “no entry” sign is erected over or adjacent to a carriageway, to face an approaching driver, the driver shall not proceed on that carriageway beyond the sign.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

No entry sign

(circular background in red)

                  Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign.

83.         Hand‑held stop signs

     (1)    A driver approaching a hand‑held “stop” sign shall stop before reaching the sign.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A driver who has stopped at a hand held “stop” sign shall not proceed until the holder of the sign —

                 (a)    no longer displays the sign towards the driver; or

                 (b)    otherwise indicates that the driver may proceed.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    This regulation does not apply to a driver approaching or at a hand‑held “stop” sign if the circumstances are dealt with under Part 7 Division 5 (i.e. children’s or pedestrian crossings).

Hand‑held stop signs

                  (background in red)                                (background in orange)

                  Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign.

Division 3Signs for trucks, buses and other large vehicles

84.         Clearance and low clearance signs

             The driver of a vehicle shall not drive past a “clearance” sign, or a “low clearance” sign, if the driver’s vehicle, any vehicle connected to it or any load carried by the vehicle, is higher than the height (in metres) indicated by the sign.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Clearance sign

Low clearance sign

85.         Load limit signs

     (1)    A driver shall not drive past a “bridge load limit (gross mass)” sign, or “gross load limit” sign, if the total mass (in tonnes) of the driver’s vehicle and any load, together with any vehicle connected to it and any load, is more than the gross mass indicated by the sign.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A driver shall not drive past a “bridge load limit (mass per axle group)” sign if the mass (in tonnes) carried by an axle group of the driver’s vehicle and its load, or the mass of an axle group of any vehicle connected to it and its load, is more than the mass indicated by the sign for the axle group.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Bridge load limit (gross mass) sign

Gross load limit sign

Bridge load limit (mass per axle group) sign

                  Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of the bridge load limit (mass per axle group) sign.

86.         No trucks signs

     (1)    The driver of a truck shall not drive past a “no trucks” sign that has information on or with it indicating a mass, if the GVM of that truck (or, if the driver is driving a combination, any vehicle in the combination) is more than that mass.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    The driver of a truck shall not drive past a “no trucks” sign that has information on or with it indicating a length, if the length of that truck (or, if the driver is driving a combination, the length of the combination) is longer than that length.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    The driver of a truck shall not drive past a “no trucks” sign that has no information on or with it indicating a mass or length.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

No trucks sign

(circle and slash in red)

     (4)    It is a defence to a prosecution for an offence against subregulation (1), (2) or (3) if the driver satisfies the court that his or her destination lay beyond a “no trucks” sign and —

                 (a)    there was no other route by which the driver’s truck could reach that destination; or

                 (b)    any other route by which the driver’s truck could have reached that destination would require the truck to pass another “no trucks” sign.

              [Regulation 86 amended in Gazette 2 Oct 2007 p. 4975‑6.]

87.         Trucks must enter signs

             If the driver of a truck drives past a “trucks must enter” sign, the driver shall enter the area indicated by information on or with the sign.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Trucks must enter sign

                  Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of this sign.

88.         No buses signs

     (1)    The driver of a bus shall not drive past a “no buses” sign that has information on or with it indicating a mass if the GVM of the bus is more than that mass.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    The driver of a bus shall not drive past a “no buses” sign that has information on or with it indicating a length if the bus is longer than that length.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    The driver of a bus shall not drive past a “no buses” sign that has no information on or with it indicating a mass or length.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

No buses sign

(circle and slash in red)

89.         Buses must enter signs

             If the driver of a bus drives past a “buses must enter” sign, the driver shall enter the area indicated by information on or with the sign.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Buses must enter sign

                  Note   There is another permitted version of this sign.

90.         Trucks and buses low gear signs

     (1)    If the driver of a truck or a bus is driving on a length of carriageway to which a “trucks and buses low gear” sign applies, the driver shall drive the truck or bus in a gear that is low enough to limit the speed of the truck or the bus without the use of a primary brake.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A “trucks and buses low gear” sign on a carriageway applies to the length of carriageway beginning at the sign and ending —

                 (a)    if information on or with the sign indicates a distance — at that distance on the carriageway from the sign; or

                 (b)    in any other case — at an “end trucks and buses low gear” sign on the carriageway.

     (3)    In this regulation —

              “end trucks and buses low gear” sign includes a sign that simply states “end truck low gear”;

              primary brake means the footbrake, or other brake, fitted to a truck that is normally used to slow or stop the vehicle;

              “trucks and buses low gear” sign includes a sign that simply states that “trucks must use low gear”.

Trucks and buses low gear sign

End trucks and buses low gear sign

                  Note   There are a number of other permitted versions of these signs.

91A.      Safety ramp and arrester bed signs

     (1)    In this regulation —

              arrester bed means an area to which an “arrester bed” sign applies;

              safety ramp means an area to which an “safety ramp” sign applies.

     (2)    A driver shall not drive on a safety ramp or arrester bed, unless —

                 (a)    it is necessary for the driver to drive on the drive on a safety ramp or arrester bed in the interests of safety; or

                 (b)    the driver is permitted to drive on the safety ramp or arrester bed under another written law of the State.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

Arrester bed sign

Safety bed sign

                  Note There are other permitted versions of these signs.

              [Regulation 91A inserted in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4582.]

Part 9 Roundabouts

91.         Terms used

     (1)    In this Part —

              left turn signal means a signal of intention to turn left (including to diverge left) as prescribed in Part 5;

              right turn signal means a signal of intention to turn right (including to diverge right) as prescribed in Part 5;

              roundabout means an intersection —

                 (a)    with one or more marked lanes, all of which are for the use of vehicles travelling in the same direction around a central traffic island; or

                 (b)    with room for one or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction around a central traffic island,

              whether or not there is a “roundabout” sign at each entrance.

Roundabout sign

(triangle in red)

     (2)    A driver leaves a roundabout halfway around the roundabout if the driver leaves the roundabout on a carriageway that is straight ahead, or substantially straight ahead, of the carriageway on which the driver enters the roundabout.

              [Regulation 91 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4583.]

92.         Entering multi‑lane roundabout

     (1)    A driver entering a roundabout from a multi‑lane carriageway, or a carriageway with 2 or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction as the driver, shall enter the roundabout in accordance —

                 (a)    with regulation 97; and

                 (b)    with this regulation (if it is consistent with regulation 97).

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    If a driver is to leave a multi‑lane roundabout less than halfway around it, the driver shall enter the roundabout from the left marked lane or left line of traffic.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

             Example

Example 1

Leaving a roundabout less than halfway around it

     (3)    If a driver is to leave a multi‑lane roundabout more than halfway around it, the driver shall enter the roundabout from the right marked lane or right line of traffic.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

             Example

Example 2

Leaving a roundabout more than halfway around it

     (4)    If a driver is to leave a multi‑lane roundabout halfway around it, the driver may enter the roundabout from any marked lane or line of traffic.

             Example

Example 3

Leaving a roundabout halfway around it

     (5)    Despite subregulations (2) to (4), if a driver is entering a roundabout from a marked lane and there are traffic lane arrows applying to the lane, the driver shall —

                 (a)    if the arrows indicate a single direction — drive in that direction after entering the roundabout; or

                 (b)    if the arrows indicate 2 or more directions — drive in one of those directions after entering the roundabout.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (6)    Subregulation (3) does not apply to a rider of a bicycle or an animal.

     (7)    Subregulation (5) does not apply to a rider of a bicycle or an animal if the rider is to leave the roundabout more than half way round it.

             Examples

Example 4

Roundabout with 3 entry points

John_moore_drawings

Example 5

Roundabout with 5 entry points

              [Regulation 92 amended in Gazette 1 Dec 2000 p. 6753; 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4584‑5.]

93.         Indicating left when entering roundabout

     (1)    This regulation applies to a driver entering a roundabout, if the driver is to leave the roundabout at the first exit after entering the roundabout and that exit is less than half way around the roundabout.

     (2)    A driver shall —

                 (a)    give a left turn signal when the driver is approaching the roundabout; and

                 (b)    continue to give a left turn signal until the driver has left the roundabout.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

              [Regulation 93 amended in Gazette 19 Nov 2010 p. 5751.]

94.         Indicating right when entering roundabout

     (1)    This regulation applies to a driver entering a roundabout, if the driver is to leave the roundabout more than halfway around it.

     (2)    A driver shall —

                 (a)    give a right turn signal when the driver is approaching the roundabout; and

                 (b)    continue to give the right turn signal while the driver is driving in the roundabout, unless the driver is changing marked lanes, entering another line of traffic or required by regulation 99 to give a left turn signal.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

              [Regulation 94 amended in Gazette 19 Nov 2010 p. 5752.]

95.         Right of way in roundabout

             A driver entering a roundabout shall give way to a vehicle that is within the roundabout.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

96.         Driving through roundabout

     (1)    A driver driving in a roundabout shall drive —

                 (a)    to the left of the central traffic island in the roundabout; or

                 (b)    if subregulation (2) applies to the driver — on the edge of the central island, to the left of the centre of the island; or

                 (c)    if subregulation (3) applies to the driver — over the central island, to the left of the centre of the island.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (2)    This subregulation applies to a driver if —

                 (a)    the driver’s vehicle is too large to drive in the roundabout without driving on the edge of the central traffic island; and

                 (b)    the driver can safely drive on the edge of the central traffic island.

     (3)    This subregulation applies to a driver if —

                 (a)    the driver’s vehicle is too large to drive in the roundabout without driving over the central traffic island; and

                 (b)    the central traffic island is designed to allow a vehicle of that kind to be driven over it.

              [Regulation 96 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4585.]

97.         Obeying marked arrows when driving in or leaving roundabout

             If a driver is driving in a marked lane in a roundabout and there are arrows marked on the surface of the road applying to the lane, the driver shall —

                 (a)    if the arrows indicate a single direction — drive in or leave the roundabout in that direction; or

                 (b)    if the arrows indicate 2 or more directions — drive in or leave the roundabout in one of those directions.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

              [Regulation 97 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820.]

98.         Indicating when changing lanes or lines of traffic in roundabout

     (1)    A driver driving in a roundabout shall give a left turn signal before the driver changes lanes to the left, or enters a line of traffic to the left, in the roundabout.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A driver driving in a roundabout shall give a right turn signal before the driver changes lanes to the right, or enters a line of traffic to the right, in the roundabout.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

99.         Indicating left when leaving roundabout

             A driver driving in a roundabout shall, if practicable, give a left turn signal when leaving the roundabout.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

100.       Rider of bicycle or animal to give way to vehicle leaving roundabout

             The rider of a bicycle or an animal who is riding in the far left marked lane of a roundabout with 2 or more marked lanes, or the far left line of traffic in a roundabout with 2 or more lines of traffic, shall give way to any vehicle leaving the roundabout.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

Part 10 Level crossings

101.       Stopping at level crossing

     (1)    A driver approaching a level crossing with a “stop” sign shall stop the vehicle —

                 (a)    as near as practicable to, but before reaching the stop line or, if there is no stop line, as near as practicable to, but before reaching, the “stop” sign; and

                 (b)    give way to any train on, approaching or entering the crossing.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 4 PU

Stop sign

(background in red)

     (2)    If a driver approaching a level crossing is directed or instructed to stop by a railway employee, the driver shall stop the vehicle, and the driver shall not proceed except in accordance with the railway employee’s direction.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

              [Regulation 101 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4586.]

102.       Approaching trains

     (1)    A driver shall not enter a level crossing if an approaching train is visible or emits an audible signal and there is danger of collision between the driver’s vehicle and the train, and the driver shall not proceed until he or she has ascertained that in the circumstances it is safe to do so.

              Points: 4         Modified penalty: 4 PU

     (2)    A driver shall not enter a level crossing where twin alternating red lights are flashing or a warning bell is ringing at or near the level crossing, and the driver shall not proceed until the lights or bell have ceased to flash or ring unless otherwise directed or instructed by a railway employee.

              Points: 4         Modified penalty: 4 PU

103.       Giving way at level crossing

             A driver approaching, or at, a level crossing with a “give way” sign shall give way to any train on, approaching or entering the crossing.

              Points: 4         Modified penalty: 4 PU

Give way sign

(triangle in red)

104.       What to do if traffic is congested

             A driver approaching a level crossing shall not enter the level crossing where, by reason of traffic congestion, he or she is not immediately able to lawfully drive the vehicle over and clear of the level crossing, and shall not proceed until he or she can so drive the vehicle over and clear of the level crossing.

              Points: 4         Modified penalty: 4 PU

105.       Leaving level crossing

             A driver who enters a level crossing shall leave the level crossing as soon as he or she can do so safely.

              Points: 4         Modified penalty: 4 PU

106.       Stopping at level crossing when vehicle is carrying dangerous goods

             The driver of a vehicle that is carrying any explosive, inflammable, corrosive or poisonous gas, liquid or material of any kind (other than fuel in the fuel tank of the vehicle) shall stop the vehicle before passing over a level crossing that is not equipped with twin alternating red lights or gates, booms or other barriers for closing the crossing to road traffic and shall not proceed until the driver has ascertained that he or she may do so without danger of conflict with a train.

              Points: 4         Modified penalty: 4 PU

107.       Driving around boom gates

             A person shall not drive a vehicle through, around or under any gate, boom or barrier at a level crossing or enter upon the crossing while the gate, boom or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed to road traffic.

              Points: 4         Modified penalty: 4 PU

Part 11Keeping left, overtaking and other driving provisions

Division 1General

108.       Obstruction of vehicles and pedestrians

     (1)    A person shall not, with intent to hinder or obstruct the passage of any vehicle or vehicles on a carriageway, park or stop a vehicle on the carriageway in such a manner as to cause the passage of any other vehicle on the carriageway to be obstructed or hindered.

     (2)    A driver shall not unreasonably obstruct the path of another driver or a pedestrian.

     (3)    In subregulation (2), a driver does not unreasonably obstruct the path of another driver or a pedestrian only because —

                 (a)    the driver is stopped in traffic; or

                 (b)    the driver is driving more slowly than other vehicles (unless the driver is driving abnormally slowly in the circumstances).

             Example of a driver driving abnormally slowly

                  A driver driving at a speed of 20 km/h on a length of carriageway to which a speed‑limit of 80 km/h applies when there is no reason for the driver to drive at that speed on the length of carriageway.

109.       Keeping a safe distance behind vehicles

             Except when overtaking and passing, the driver of any vehicle shall, when following another vehicle, keep such distance behind it as will enable the driver to stop the vehicle in an emergency with safety, and without running into the vehicle in front of him or her.

              Points: 1         Modified penalty: 2 PU

110.       Keeping a minimum distance between long vehicles

     (1)    In this regulation —

              long vehicle means a vehicle or combination 7.5 m or more in length, inclusive of any projection and of its load;

              required distance, for a long vehicle outside a built‑up area, means 200 m.

     (2)    The driver of a long vehicle when following another long vehicle shall, wherever conditions permit, keep the vehicle not less than the required distance behind the other vehicle unless the driver is —

                 (a)    on a carriageway provided with 2 or more marked lanes available exclusively for vehicles travelling in the same direction as that in which the long vehicle is travelling; or

                 (b)    overtaking or passing.

              Points: 1         Modified penalty: 2 PU

111.       No entry to choked intersection

     (1)    A driver shall not enter upon, or attempt to cross, an intersection, whether or not it is controlled by a traffic‑control signal, if the intersection or the carriageway beyond it is blocked.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

             Examples

                  The intersection, or a carriageway beyond the intersection, may be blocked by congested traffic, a disabled vehicle, a collision between vehicles or between a vehicle and a pedestrian, or by a fallen load on the carriageway.

     (2)    The provisions of subregulation (1) apply —

                 (a)    despite the instruction of a traffic‑control signal to proceed; and

                 (b)    in addition to the provisions of regulations 61(3), 62(4) and 145(2).

              [Regulation 111 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820.]

Division 2Keeping to the left

112.       Keeping as far left as practicable

     (1)    Except where these regulations provide otherwise, a driver shall keep the vehicle as close as practicable to the left boundary of the carriageway, except where 2 or more lanes marked on the carriageway are available exclusively for vehicles travelling in the same direction.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 1 PU

     (2)    Subregulation (1) does not apply if the vehicle is a motor cycle.

              [Regulation 112 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820.]

113.       Restriction on use of right lane

     (1)    In this regulation —

              marked lane does not include —

                 (a)    a lane set aside exclusively for vehicles making a left or right turn; or

                 (b)    a special purpose lane; or

                 (c)    any other lane that is not for the use of general traffic on the carriageway; or

                 (d)    a slow vehicle turn out lane;

              right lane, in relation to 2 or more marked lanes that are available exclusively for vehicles travelling in the same direction, means the marked lane that is further or furthest to the right side of the carriageway;

              slow vehicle turn out lane means a lane or a part of a lane to which a “slow vehicle turn out lane” sign applies.

Slow vehicle turn out sign

     (2)    This regulation applies to a driver driving on a carriageway that has 2 or more marked lanes available exclusively for vehicles travelling in the same direction where —

                 (a)    the speed limit is 90 km/h or more; or

                 (b)    a “keep left unless overtaking” sign applies to that part of the carriageway,

             or both.

     (3)    A driver shall not drive the vehicle in the right lane unless —

                 (a)    the driver is turning right, or making a U turn from the centre of the road, and is giving a right turn signal; or

                 (b)    the driver is overtaking; or

                 (c)    a “left lane must turn left” sign or left traffic arrows apply to any other lane, and the driver is not turning left; or

                 (d)    the driver is required to drive in the right lane under regulation 137; or

                 (e)    the driver is avoiding an obstruction; or

                  (f)    the traffic in each other lane travelling in the same direction is congested; or

                 (g)    there are only 2 marked lanes and the left lane is a slow vehicle turn out lane.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 1 PU

Left lane must turn left sign

     (4)    A “keep left unless overtaking” sign applies to a length of carriageway beginning at the sign and ending at the nearest of the following:

                 (a)    an “end keep left unless overtaking” sign;

                 (b)    a road sign or road marking that indicates the carriageway is no longer a multi‑lane carriageway;

                 (c)    if the carriageway ends at a T‑intersection or dead end — the end of the carriageway.

Keep left unless overtaking sign

End keep left unless overtaking sign

     (5)    The Director General, by notice published in the Gazette —

                 (a)    may declare that this regulation does not apply to the driving of a vehicle on a carriageway described in the notice; and

                 (b)    may vary or revoke a previous notice under this subregulation.

              [Regulation 113 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4586‑8.]

114.       Keeping to the left of oncoming vehicles

             A driver of a vehicle on a carriageway passing a vehicle travelling in the opposite direction shall keep to the left of that vehicle unless —

                 (a)    the driver is turning right at an intersection; and

                 (b)    the driver is passing an oncoming vehicle turning right at the intersection; and

                 (c)    there is no road sign or road marking indicating that the driver must pass to the left of the oncoming vehicle.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

             Examples

Example 1

Driving to the left of an
oncoming vehicle

Example 2

Oncoming vehicles turning right passing to the right of each other

              [Regulation 114 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4588.]

115.       Keeping to the left of marked or unmarked two‑way carriageway

     (1)    Except where these regulations otherwise provide, a driver on a two‑way carriageway without a dividing line or median strip shall travel to the left of the carriageway, unless the driver can see ahead for a distance sufficient to enable him or her to do so with safety or without interfering with the progress of any oncoming vehicle.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

     (2)    Except where these regulations otherwise provide, a driver on a two‑way carriageway without a median strip shall not permit any portion of the vehicle to travel on or over or to the right of the centre of the carriageway when —

                 (a)    approaching a crest of a gradient; or

                 (b)    approaching, or upon, a curve,

             unless the driver can see ahead for a distance sufficient to enable him or her to do so with safety or without interfering with the progress of any oncoming vehicle.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

116.       Keeping to the left of continuous dividing lines

             Where a carriageway is marked with a dividing line comprising —

                 (a)    2 continuous lines; or

                 (b)    a continuous line on the left of a broken or dotted line; or

                 (c)    a continuous line,

             a driver shall not permit any portion of the vehicle to travel on, over, or to the right of, the dividing line except for the purpose of making a right turn or a U turn, where permissible.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

             Examples

Example 1

Driving to the left of a single continuous dividing line only

Example 2

Driving to the left of a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line

Example 3

Driving to the left of 2 parallel continuous dividing lines

117.       Keeping to the left of a median strip

             Where a road is divided by a median strip, a driver shall not drive upon the median strip, or the carriageway to the right of the median strip, unless the driver is —

                 (a)    entering or driving in a median strip parking area; or

                 (b)    required to drive to the right of the median strip by a “keep right” sign; or

                 (c)    using a special purpose lane as permitted by information on the sign applicable to that lane.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 3 PU

Keep right sign

              [Regulation 117 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820.]

118.       Service roads

     (1)    A driver on a part of the road that is a service road (except a service road to which a “two‑way” sign applies) shall drive in the same direction as a vehicle travelling on the carriageway used by the main body of moving vehicles in the marked lane or line of traffic closest to the service road.

              Points: 1         Modified penalty: 1 PU

     (2)    In this Part, a service road to which a “two‑way” sign applies is treated as if it were a separate two‑way carriageway.

Two‑way sign

                  Note for diagram   There is another permitted version of the “two‑way” sign.

119.       Driving on or across median strip, painted island etc.

     (1)    A person shall not drive a vehicle on a traffic island or median strip except at a place designed and constructed, or improved, for use by vehicular traffic.

              Points: 1         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A person shall not drive a vehicle on or over a painted island unless —

                 (a)    it is to enter or leave the carriageway; or

                 (b)    it is to avoid an obstruction, in accordance with regulation 120(4); or

                 (c)    it is to enter a turning lane that begins immediately after the painted island.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (3)    Despite subregulation (2), a driver shall not drive on a painted island for more than 50 m.

              Points: 1         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (4)    Subregulation (1) does not apply to a central traffic island in a roundabout.

                  Note   A driver must drive to the left of the central traffic island in a roundabout except in certain circumstances.

             Example

                  In this example, it is unlawful for vehicle B to have commenced driving on the painted island unless B intends to enter or leave the carriageway, or enter a turning lane, immediately after the painted island. In any case, B cannot drive on the painted island for more than 50 m.

     (5)    Subregulation (2)(a) does not apply in the case of a painted island —

                 (a)    that separates a carriageway that takes vehicles in one direction from another carriageway that takes vehicles in the same direction at a place where the carriageways merge; or

                 (b)    that separates one part of a carriageway from other parts of the carriageway to create a slip lane.

             Examples

Example 1

Example 2

             In these examples, vehicle B is contravening subregulation (2)(a) because of subregulation (5)(a).

              [Regulation 119 amended in Gazette 23 Sep 2003 p. 4168; 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820; 13 Nov 2009 p. 4588‑9.]

120.       Avoiding obstructions on carriageway

     (1)    A driver on a two‑way carriageway without a dividing line or median strip may drive to the right of the carriageway or into the other carriageway to avoid an obstruction if —

                 (a)    the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and

                 (b)    it is necessary and reasonable, in all the circumstances, for the driver to drive in that manner to avoid the obstruction; and

                 (c)    the driver can do so safely.

     (2)    A driver on a two‑way carriageway with a dividing line may drive to the right of the dividing line to avoid an obstruction if —

                 (a)    the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and

                 (b)    it is necessary and reasonable, in all the circumstances, for the driver to drive to the right of the dividing line to avoid the obstruction; and

                 (c)    the driver can do so safely.

     (3)    In subregulation (2), if the dividing line is a single continuous dividing line to the left of a broken dividing line, a single continuous dividing line only or 2 parallel continuous dividing lines, the hazard in driving to the right of such a dividing line must be taken into account in deciding whether it is reasonable to drive to the right of the dividing line.

     (4)    A driver may drive on a dividing strip, or on or over a single continuous line, or 2 parallel continuous lines, or on or over a painted island, to avoid an obstruction if —

                 (a)    the driver has a clear view of any approaching traffic; and

                 (b)    it is necessary and reasonable to drive on the dividing strip or painted island to avoid the obstruction; and

                 (c)    the driver can do so safely.

              [Regulation 120 amended in Gazette 23 Sep 2003 p. 4168.]

Division 3Overtaking

121.       No overtaking unless safe to do so

             When a driver overtakes a vehicle on a two‑way carriageway, he or she shall not drive to the right of the centre of the carriageway, unless the right side of the carriageway is free of oncoming traffic sufficiently far ahead to permit the overtaking movement to be completed with safety.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

122.       Overtaking

     (1)    When overtaking a moving vehicle, a driver of a vehicle (other than a bicycle) shall, except as provided in subregulations (2) and (3), pass to the right of that vehicle, at a safe distance.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    Where a carriageway is a one‑way carriageway, or has 2 or more marked lanes for vehicles travelling in the same direction, a driver may overtake and pass in another marked lane to the left of a vehicle, if conditions permit him or her to do so with safety.

     (3)    A driver overtaking a vehicle making, or apparently about to make, a right turn or U turn from the middle of the carriageway and giving a right change of direction signal, shall pass to the left of it and of any vehicle that may be stationary behind it, but only if it is safe to do so.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (4)    The rider of a bicycle shall not ride past, or overtake, to the left of a vehicle that is making, or apparently about to make, a left turn, or is signalling a left turn.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

              [Regulation 122 amended in Gazette 13 Nov 2009 p. 4589‑90.]

123.       Passing or overtaking vehicle displaying do not overtake turning vehicle sign

     (1)    A driver shall not drive past, or overtake, to the left of a vehicle or combination displaying a “do not overtake turning vehicle” sign if that vehicle or combination is turning left or is giving a left turn signal, unless it is safe to do so.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

  (2A)    A driver shall not drive past, or overtake, to the left of a vehicle or combination displaying a “do not overtake turning vehicle” sign in any circumstance other than the one referred to in subregulation (1) unless —

                 (a)    the driver is driving on a carriageway that has 2 or more marked lanes available exclusively for vehicles travelling in the same direction, the driver overtakes the vehicle or combination in a marked lane to the left of the vehicle or combination, and it is safe to do so; or

                 (b)    the vehicle is turning right or making a U turn from the centre of the road and giving a right turn signal, and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle or combination; or

                 (c)    the vehicle is stationary and it is safe to overtake to the left of the vehicle or combination.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A driver shall not drive past, or overtake, to the right of a vehicle or combination displaying a “do not overtake turning vehicle” sign if that vehicle or combination is turning right, or making a U turn from the centre of the road, or is giving a right turn signal, unless it is safe to do so.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Do not overtake turning vehicle signs

                                     (background in yellow)                   (top right portion in red, remainder

                                                                          of background in yellow)

 

              [Regulation 123 amended in Gazette 1 Dec 2000 p. 6754; 19 Nov 2010 p. 5752.]

124.       Keeping a safe distance when overtaking

             A driver overtaking a vehicle —

                 (a)    shall pass the vehicle at a sufficient distance to avoid a collision with that vehicle or to avoid obstructing the path of that vehicle; and

                 (b)    shall not return to the marked lane or line of traffic where the vehicle is travelling until the driver is a sufficient distance past that vehicle to avoid a collision with that vehicle or to avoid obstructing the path of that vehicle.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

125.       Courtesy when overtaking

     (1)    Except where overtaking on the left is permitted, a driver being overtaken shall move to the left in favour of the overtaking vehicle, and shall not increase the speed of the vehicle, until it has been completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A driver shall not drive a vehicle on a road in such a manner as to prevent another vehicle from overtaking and passing him or her.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Division 4Driving in marked lanes or lines of traffic

126.       Driving in single lane on carriageway

     (1)    A driver shall drive the vehicle as nearly as practicable entirely within a single marked lane or in a single line of traffic and shall not move laterally from any such lane or line of traffic until he or she can do so with safety.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A driver who is moving laterally from any single marked lane or line of traffic shall give way to any vehicle travelling in the same direction as the driver in the marked lane or line of traffic into which the driver is moving.

              Points: 3         Modified penalty: 2 PU

Example 1

Giving way when moving from one marked lane to another marked lane

                  In this example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

Example 2

Giving way when moving laterally from one line of traffic to another line of traffic (when the lines are not merging)

                  In this example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

              [Regulation 126 amended in Gazette 22 Dec 2006 p. 5820.]

127.       Moving from one marked lane to another marked lane across continuous line separating lanes

     (1)    Where a portion of a road is divided longitudinally by single, continuous lines, into 2 or more lanes, a person shall not drive a vehicle across any of those lines.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    The provisions of subregulation (1) do not apply to a driver intending to make a left turn or a right turn, if —

                 (a)    the driver’s vehicle or combination, together with any load or projection, is 7.5 m long, or longer; and

                 (b)    the rearmost part of the vehicle (or of the combination, if that is the case) displays a “do not overtake turning vehicle” sign; and

                 (c)    any part of the vehicle is within 50 m of the nearest point of the intersection; and

                 (d)    (where a driver intends to turn right) it is not practicable for the driver to turn right from within the right lane; and

                 (e)    (where a driver intends to turn left) it is not practicable for the driver to turn left from within the left lane; and

                  (f)    the driver can safely occupy the next marked lane and can safely turn at the intersection by occupying the next marked lane, or both lanes.

     (3)    The provisions of subregulation (1) do not apply to a driver on a multi‑lane carriageway with a continuous line separating the lanes if —

                 (a)    the driver is avoiding an obstruction; or

                 (b)    the driver is obeying a traffic‑control signal applying to the first marked lane; or

                 (c)    either of the marked lanes is a special purpose lane in which the driver is permitted to drive and the driver is moving to or from the special purpose lane.

              [Regulation 127 amended in Gazette 1 Dec 2000 p. 6754.]

128.       Giving way when lines of traffic merge into single line of traffic

             A driver in a line of traffic, that is merging with one or more lines of traffic travelling in the same direction as the driver, shall give way to a vehicle in another line of traffic if any part of the vehicle is ahead of the driver’s vehicle.

              Points: 2         Modified penalty: 2 PU

             Example

Giving way when lines of traffic merge into a single line of traffic

                  In this example, vehicle B must give way to vehicle A.

129.       Driving on or across continuous white edge line

     (1)    A driver must not drive on or over a continuous white edge line on a carriageway unless subregulation (2) or (3) applies to the driver.

              Modified penalty: 2 PU

     (2)    A driver may drive on or over a continuous white edge li